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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2014, Article ID 616145, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/616145
Research Article

Assessment of the Common Risk Factors Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Jeddah

1Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 42806, Jeddah 21551, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Public Health Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
3Health Promotion Management Master’s Program, College of Arts and Sciences, American University, Washington, DC, USA

Received 12 April 2014; Revised 10 June 2014; Accepted 11 June 2014; Published 1 September 2014

Academic Editor: Muhammad Shahab

Copyright © 2014 Manal A. Murad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Risk factor management is important in avoiding life-threatening complications and preventing new-onset diabetes. We performed a case-control study in 2013 at ten primary health care centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia to determine the common risk factors of diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) and the demographic background of adult Saudi patients with DM2. Known diabetic patients were recruited as cases, while nondiabetic attendants were selected as controls. A pretested designed questionnaire was used to collect data from 159 cases and 128 controls. Cases were more likely than controls to be men (), less educated (), natives of eastern Saudi Arabia (), retired (), lower-salaried (), or married or divorced (). By univariate analysis cases were likely to be current smokers (), hypertensive (), or overweight/obese (). Cases were also more likely to have a history of DM in a first-degree relative (). By multivariate analysis, cases were more likely to be older than 40 years (), less educated (), married or divorced (), jobless/housewives (), or current smokers (). They were also more likely to have salaries <7000 Saudi riyals (). Overall, prediabetic and high risk groups should be identified and counseled early before the occurrence of diabetes.