Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 934595, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/934595
Clinical Study

Radiofrequency Ablation Compared to Surgery for the Treatment of Benign Thyroid Nodules

1UCO Medicina Clinica, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Trieste, Cattinara Hospital, Strada di Fiume, 34100 Trieste, Italy
2UCO Chirurgia Generale, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Trieste, Cattinara Hospital, Strada di Fiume, 34100 Trieste, Italy
3SC Radiologia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Trieste, Maggiore Hospital, Piazza dell’Ospitale, 34100 Trieste, Italy
4UCO Radiologia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Trieste, Cattinara Hospital, Strada di Fiume, 34100 Trieste, Italy

Received 11 March 2014; Revised 19 May 2014; Accepted 26 May 2014; Published 22 June 2014

Academic Editor: Alexander Schreiber

Copyright © 2014 Stella Bernardi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. D. Mortensen, L. B. Woolner, and W. A. Bennett, “Gross and microscopic findings in clinically normal thyroid glands,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1270–1280, 1955. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. H. Tan and H. Gharib, “Thyroid incidentalomas: management approaches to nonpalpable nodules discovered incidentally on thyroid imaging,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 126, no. 3, pp. 226–231, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. S. Cooper, G. M. Doherty, B. R. Haugen et al., “Revised American thyroid association management guidelines for patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer,” Thyroid, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 1167–1214, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Gharib, E. Papini, R. Valcavi et al., “American association of clinical endocrinologists and associazione medici endocrinologi medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules,” Endocrine Practice, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 63–102, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. Reeve and N. W. Thompson, “Complications of thyroid surgery: how to avoid them, how to manage them, and observations on their possible effect on the whole patient,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 971–975, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. G. Na, J. H. Lee, S. L. Jung et al., “Radiofrequency ablation of benign Thyroid nodules and recurrent Thyroid cancers: consensus statement and recommendations,” Korean Journal of Radiology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 117–125, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Faggiano, V. Ramundo, A. P. Assanti et al., “Thyroid nodules treated with percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation: a comparative study,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 97, no. 12, pp. 4439–4445, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. H. Baek, H. J. Jeong, Y. S. Kim, M. S. Kwak, and D. Lee, “Radiofrequency ablation for an autonomously functioning thyroid nodule,” Thyroid, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 675–676, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. H. Baek, W.-J. Moon, Y. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, and D. Lee, “Radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of autonomously functioning thyroid nodules,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1971–1977, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Spiezia, R. Garberoglio, F. Milone et al., “Thyroid nodules and related symptoms are stably controlled two years after radiofrequency thermal ablation,” Thyroid, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 219–225, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Deandrea, P. Limone, E. Basso et al., “US-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation for the treatment of solid benign hyperfunctioning or compressive thyroid nodules,” Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 784–791, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Crippa and L. Mazzucchelli, “The Bethesda system for reporting thyroid fine-needle aspiration specimens,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 134, no. 2, pp. 343–345, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. H. Baek, J. H. Lee, R. Valcavi, C. M. Pacella, H. Rhim, and D. G. Na, “Thermal ablation for benign thyroid nodules: radiofrequency and laser,” Korean Journal of Radiology, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 525–540, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Y. Tong, H. J. Ru, H. Y. Ling, Y. C. Cheung, L. W. Meng, and P. C. H. Chung, “Extracardiac radiofrequency ablation interferes with pacemaker function but does not damage the device,” Anesthesiology, vol. 100, no. 4, p. 1041, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. J. Terris, S. Snyder, and D. Carneiro-Pla, “American Thyroid Association statement on outpatient thyroidectomy,” Thyroid, vol. 23, pp. 1193–1202, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. E. C. Toll, P. Loizou, C. R. Davis, G. C. Porter, and D. D. Pothier, “Scars and satisfaction: do smaller scars improve patient-reported outcome?” European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, vol. 269, no. 1, pp. 309–313, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. K. Jeong, J. H. Baek, H. Rhim et al., “Radiofrequency ablation of benign thyroid nodules: safety and imaging follow-up in 236 patients,” European Radiology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1244–1250, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. H. K. Lim, J. H. Lee, E. J. Ha, J. Y. Sung, J. K. Kim, and J. H. Baek, “Radiofrequency ablation of benign non-functioning thyroid nodules: 4-year follow-up results for 111 patients,” European Radiology, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1044–1049, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. H. Shin, J. H. Baek, E. J. Ha, and J. H. Lee, “Radiofrequency ablation of thyroid nodules: basic principles and clinical application,” International Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 2012, Article ID 919650, 7 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. E. N. Pearce, A. P. Farwell, and L. E. Braverman, “Thyroiditis,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348, no. 26, pp. 2646–2655, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Kobayashi, K. Kuma, F. Matsuzuka, K. Hirai, S. Fukata, and M. Sugawara, “Thyrotoxicosis after needle aspiration of thyroid cyst,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 21–24, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Said, V. Chiu, and P. I. Haigh, “Hypothyroidism after hemithyroidectomy,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 37, pp. 2839–2844, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Rosato, N. Avenia, P. Bernante et al., “Complications of thyroid surgery: analysis of a multicentric study on 14,934 patients operated on in Italy over 5 years,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 271–276, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. Materazzi, G. Dionigi, P. Berti et al., “One-day thyroid surgery: retrospective analysis of safety and patient satisfaction on a consecutive series of 1,571 cases over a three-year period,” European Surgical Research, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 182–188, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. Delbridge, “Symposium on evidence-based endocrine surgery (2): benign thyroid disease,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1235–1236, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. E. Schwartz, O. H. Clark, P. Ituarte, and P. lo Gerfo, “Thyroid surgery—the choice,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 1097–1105, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. S. Samson, F. R. Reyes, W. N. Saludares, R. P. Angeles, R. A. Francisco, and E. R. Tagorda Jr., “Outpatient thyroidectomy,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 173, no. 6, pp. 499–503, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. L. Jameson, “Minimizing unnecessary surgery for thyroid nodules,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 367, no. 8, pp. 765–767, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. N. Arora, T. Scognamiglio, B. Zhu, and T. J. Fahey III, “Do benign thyroid nodules have malignant potential? An evidence-based review,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1237–1246, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. H. Park, E. H. Suh, and J. G. Chi, “A histopathologic study on 1,095 surgically resected thyroid specimens,” Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 297–302, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C.-C. C. Wang, L. Friedman, G. C. Kennedy et al., “A large multicenter correlation study of thyroid nodule cytopathology and histopathology,” Thyroid, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 243–251, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Y. E. Nikiforov, D. L. Steward, T. M. Robinson-Smith et al., “Molecular testing for mutations in improving the fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of thyroid nodules,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 2092–2098, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. P. Brito, J. C. Morris, and V. M. Montori, “Thyroid cancer: zealous imaging has increased detection and treatment of low risk tumours,” British Medical Journal, vol. 347, Article ID f4706, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  34. Y. Ito, A. Miyauchi, H. Inoue et al., “An observational trial for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma in Japanese patients,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 28–35, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Y. Ito and A. Miyauchi, “Is surgery necessary for papillary thyroid microcarcinomas?” Nature Reviews Endocrinology, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 9, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. Valcavi, S. Piana, and G. S. Bortolan, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous laser ablation of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma: a feasibility study on three cases with pathological and immunohistochemical evaluation,” Thyroid, vol. 23, pp. 1578–1582, 2013. View at Google Scholar