International Journal of Endocrinology / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Diabetes Burden in Urban and Rural Senegalese Populations: A Cross-Sectional Study in 2012

Table 1

Clinical and biochemical characteristics of participants.

All participants
()
Urban areas
()
Rural areas
()
value
Crude AdjustedCrudeAdjustedCrude Adjusted

Age (years)48.0 ± 16.9 (18–87)51.6 ± 15.743.5 ± 17.2<0.01
Age group<0.01
 18–34 years25.6%16.0%37.8%
 35–49 years25.3%26.1%24.2%
 50–60 years23.6%28.0%18.1%
 >60 years25.5%29.9%19.9%
School education60.7%52%63.4%47.5%55.6%45.8%0.19
Family diabetes history30.2%28.3%35.1%29.6%28.6%26.4%0.04
Fruits/vegetables consumption (≥3 portions/day)39.0%36.7%42.3%40.5%34.6%25.6%0.05
Smoking 4.2% 2.9% 5.2% 3.1% 2.8% 1.7%0.05
Physical inactivity58.1%53.5%61.7%56.2%55.3%48.6%0.02
Hypertension 39.1%32.1%43.3%36.8%33.8%29.2%0.08
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.3 ± 6.826.9 ± 1.627.9 ± 7.324.6 ± 1.324.1 ± 5.512.7 ± 5.10.03
Obesity 23.4%20.5%33.8%31.6%10.2% 9.4%0.01
Waist circumference (cm)90.6 ± 16.190.1 ± 8.294.4 ± 15.691.6 ± 1086.0 ± 15.682.4 ± 8.50.01
Abdominal obesity 53.1%48.6%63.9%59.5%40.0%33.4%0.01
Total cholesterol (g/L)2.18 ± 0.52.15 ± 0.12.25 ± 0.52.61 ± 3.22.10 ± 0.42.08 ± 1.1<0.01
Hypercholesterolemia56.0%54.6%62.5%59.3%46.7%43.4%0.53

Adjusted for age.