International Journal of Endocrinology / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

A Randomised Controlled Trial to Delay or Prevent Type 2 Diabetes after Gestational Diabetes: Walking for Exercise and Nutrition to Prevent Diabetes for You

Table 2

Change between 3-month and baseline measurements.

CharacteristicIntervention
Control
value

Weight (kg)−2.5 (1.4)0.0 (2.3)0.002
BMI (kg/m2)−0.9 (0.7)0.0 (0.8)0.002
Waist (cm)−3.0 (4.0)0.5 (4.8)0.037
Hip (cm)−3.0 (5.0)0.0 (4.8)0.006
Body fat %∧&−1.1 (4.5)−0.3 (1.3)0.393
Lean mass %∧&0.9 (3.3)0.0 (2.6)0.436
Fasting glucose∧&0.3 (0.5)−0.1 (0.6)0.052
Fasting insulin∧#−0.5 (2.4)0.1730.830
K 10 total score (measure of distress and anxiety over the previous month)0.0 (4.0)1.0 (4.0)0.193
WEL total score (measure of attitudes, feelings, and efficacy related to food and eating behaviours)27.8 (20.1)13.9 (37.4)0.290
Negative emotions5.5 (2.9)3.5 (8.5)0.472
Availability7.1 (5.5)1.0 (7.0)0.036
Social pressure6.1 (5.4)4.1 (9.4)0.545
Physical discomfort4.5 (6.7)4.5 (8.4)0.978
Positive activities4.6 (4.9)0.9 (7.6)0.188
HEPA135 (225)0 (418)0.190
Fat0.2 (0.4)0.2 (0.5)0.824
Fibre−0.04 (0.8)0.1 (0.4)0.576
Total0.1 (0.5)0.2 (0.4)0.682

All results are mean (standard deviation) unless otherwise stated.
Median (interquartile range), Mann-Whitney test.
&3 cases missing (1 intervention; 2 control).
#5 cases missing (1 intervention; 4 control).

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