Table 1: Sociodemographics of the sample population, diabetes prevalence, and unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) ( = 1,820).

VariablesFrequency Diabetes Unadjusted PR valueAdjusted PR95% CI value
distribution (%)prevalence (%)

Sex
 Male40.79.61.001.00
 Female59.310.41.080.6410.890.65–1.230.489
Age group (years)
 18–3443.54.51.001.00
 35–4935.111.32.52<0.0011.831.19–2.820.006
 50–6521.419.04.24<0.0011.951.17–3.230.010
Marital status
 Single47.87.91.001.00
 Married/cohabitating52.212.01.520.0141.611.16–2.720.005
Living arrangements
 At least with one person94.510.21.001.00
 Alone5.58.10.790.5291.020.49–2.120.954
Social class
 Class A8.57.61.001.00
 Class B34.410.11.330.3731.720.83–3.650.145
 Class C47.510.81.420.2571.470.67–3.220.331
 Classes D-E9.58.61.140.7501.210.45–3.240.709
Level of education
 College or higher17.48.51.001.00
 High school34.48.00.950.8330.910.54–1.520.715
 Primary school21.69.31.100.7381.190.65–2.160.567
 Incomplete primary school26.614.51.720.0341.070.58–2.000.826
Occupation
 Employed45.68.31.001.00
 Unemployed or retireda54.411.61.400.0550.970.70–1.350.877
Location
 Downtown17.28.01.001.00
 Satellite towns82.810.51.310.2840.980.53–1.790.937
Self-reported chronic conditions
 Hypertension21.529.96.43<0.0014.042.66–6.13<0.001
 Respiratory disease7.320.92.37<0.0011.671.11–2.500.013
 Cardiovascular disease6.936.54.74<0.0011.741.15–2.630.009
 Other chronic diseases8.010.61.050.8280.540.29–1.010.052
Healthcare services
 No health insurance 72.39.50.830.3110.840.59–1.200.339
 Medical consultation42.512.81.66<0.0010.940.70–1.270.690
 Hospitalization9.916.61.800.0051.430.98–2.100.062
Perceived health status
 Mobility7.919.72.15<0.0011.290.84–2.000.242
 Self-care4.017.71.830.0450.750.35–1.630.471
 Usual activities6.916.21.680.0420.980.54–1.780.941
 Pain/discomfort37.015.72.30<0.0011.711.21–2.410.002
 Anxiety/depression23.014.81.700.0011.060.70–1.630.777

Note: aincluded students not formally employed.
CI: confidence interval.