Effects of β-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate Free Acid Ingestion and Resistance Exercise on the Acute Endocrine Response
(a) Plasma growth hormone concentration values for placebo (PL) and β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate free acid (HMB-FA) groups before exercise (PRE), immediately after exercise (IP), and 30 minutes after exercise (30P).Both groups significantly elevated from PRE (). #HMB-FA significantly elevated from PL (). (b) Area under the curve (AUC) analysis for plasma growth hormone levels for PL and HMB-FA groups. Data were reported as mean ± SD.Indicating HMB-FA group is significantly greater than PL.