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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2016, Article ID 8519362, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8519362
Research Article

Serum Adiponectin Level as a Predictor of Subclinical Cushing’s Syndrome in Patients with Adrenal Incidentaloma

1Memorial Atasehir Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Istanbul, Turkey
2Trakya University Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Edirne, Turkey
3Baskent University Hospital, Department of Biochemistry, Ankara, Turkey
4Baskent University Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ankara, Turkey

Received 21 June 2016; Revised 8 August 2016; Accepted 14 August 2016

Academic Editor: Marek Bolanowski

Copyright © 2016 Asli Dogruk Unal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Subclinical Cushing’s syndrome (SCS) is a condition of slight but chronic cortisol excess in patients with adrenal incidentaloma (AI) without typical signs and symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome. Adiponectin has potent roles in modulating energy balance and metabolic homeostasis and acts in opposition to glucocorticoids. This study aimed to evaluate adiponectin level in SCS and nonfunctional AI (NAI) patients and its relation with metabolic parameters. Patients with AI () and metabolically healthy controls () were included. In AI patients and controls, detailed medical history assessment, physical examinations, anthropometric measurements, and laboratory measurements were performed. Age, body mass index, waist circumference, and lipid profiles were significantly higher and waist-to-hip ratio and adiponectin level were significantly lower in the AI patients than in the controls. The midnight cortisol and urinary free cortisol levels were significantly higher in the SCS patients () than in the NAI patients (). Adiponectin level of the SCS group was significantly lower than those of the NAI and control groups. The sensitivity and specificity for an adiponectin level of ≤13.00 ng/mL in predicting the presence of SCS were 87.5% and 77.4%, respectively. In conclusion, adiponectin is valuable in predicting the presence of SCS in AI patients.