International Journal of Evolutionary Biology / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

The Impact of the Geologic History and Paleoclimate on the Diversification of East African Cichlids

Table 1

Characteristics of the three great East African Lakes and their cichlid lineages.

LakeLakeLake Victoria
TanganyikaMalawi

Maximum water depth (m) [54]147070079
Average water depth (m) [54]580 26440
Anoxic hypolimnion [54]50–240250None
Surface area (km2) [54]32,60029,50068,800
Approximate formation of lake [7, 9, 10, 5557]9–12 Ma>8.6 Ma>0.4–1.6 Ma
Approximate number of species [58]~250~700~700
Number of cichlids tribes [28, 59, 60]12–1622

References in the first column refer to the table’s sources.