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International Journal of Electrochemistry
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 126726, 5 pages
Research Article

Surface of Alumina Films after Prolonged Breakdowns in Galvanostatic Anodization

Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8 Kl. Ohridski Boulevard, 1756 Sofia, Bulgaria

Received 5 February 2011; Accepted 16 May 2011

Academic Editor: José H. Zagal

Copyright © 2011 Christian Girginov and Stephan Kozhukharov. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Breakdown phenomena are investigated at continuous isothermal (20C) and galvanostatic (0.2–5 mA cm−2) anodizing of aluminum in ammonium salicylate in dimethylformamide (1 M AS/DMF) electrolyte. From the kinetic 𝑈 𝑡 ( 𝑡 ) -curves, the breakdown voltage ( 𝑈 𝐵 ) values are estimated, as well as the frequency and amplitude of oscillations of formation voltage ( 𝑈 𝑓 ) at different current densities. The surface of the aluminum specimens was studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Data on topography and surface roughness parameters of the electrode after electric breakdowns are obtained as a function of anodization time. The electrode surface of anodic films, formed with different current densities until the same charge density has passed (2.5 C cm−2), was assessed. Results are discussed on the basis of perceptions of avalanche mechanism of the breakdown phenomena, due to the injection of electrons and their multiplication in the volume of the film.