Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Electrochemistry
Volume 2011, Article ID 179474, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/179474
Research Article

Gold Electrodes Modified with Self-Assembled Layers Made of Sulphur Compounds and Gold Nanoparticles Used for Selective Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Catecholamine in the Presence of Interfering Ascorbic and Uric Acids

Faculty of Chemistry, A. Mickiewicz University, Grunwaldzka 6, 60-780 Poznań, Poland

Received 20 April 2011; Accepted 8 June 2011

Academic Editor: Aleksandar Radu

Copyright © 2011 Teresa Łuczak. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Nogrady and D. F. Weaver, Medical Chemistry. A Molecular and Biochemical Aproach, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2005.
  2. M. D. Hawley, S. V. Tatawawadi, S. Piekarski, and R. N. Adams, “Electrochemical studies of the oxidation pathways of catecholamines,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 447–450, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. A. Dayton, A. G. Ewing, and R. M. Wightman, “Response of microvoltammetric electrodes to homogeneous catalytic and slow heterogeneous charge-transfer reactions,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 14, pp. 2392–2396, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. A. Ni, H. X. Ju, H. Y. Chen, and D. Leech, “Amperometric determination of epinephrine with an osmium complex and Nafion double-layer membrane modified electrode,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 378, pp. 151–157, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Chen and C. S. Cha, “Detection of dopamine in the presence of a large excess of ascorbic acid by using the powder microelectrode technique,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 463, no. 1, pp. 93–99, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. M. Zhang, X. L. Zhou, R. T. Hui, N. Q. Li, and D. P. Liu, “Studies of the electrochemical behavior of epinephrine at a homocysteine self-assembled electrode,” Talanta, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 1081–1088, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. Ren, H. Q. Luo, and N. B. Li, “Simultaneous voltammetric measurement of ascorbic acid, epinephrine and uric acid at a glassy carbon electrode modified with caffeic acid,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1086–1092, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. M. Chen and K. C. Lin, “The electrocatalytic properties of biological molecules using polymerized luminol film-modified electrodes,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 523, no. 1-2, pp. 93–105, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. P. Jin, Q. Z. Chen, Y. F. Ding, and J. B. He, “Electrochemistry behavior of adrenalin, serotonin and ascorbic acid at novel poly rutin modified paraffin-impregnated graphite electrode,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 2535–2541, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Li and X. Q. Lin, “Electrodeposition of gold nanoclusters on overoxidized polypyrrole film modified glassy carbon electrode and its application for the simultaneous determination of epinephrine and uric acid under coexistence of ascorbic acid,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 596, no. 2, pp. 222–230, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. M. Chen and K. T. Peng, “The electrochemical properties of dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and their electrocatalytic reactions on cobalt(II) hexacyanoferrate films,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 547, no. 2, pp. 179–189, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. M. Chen and C. J. Liao, “Preparation and characterization of osmium hexacyanoferrate films and their electrocatalytic properties,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 115–125, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. M. Chen, C. J. Liao, and V. S. Vasantha, “Preparation and electrocatalytic properties of osmium oxide/hexacyanoruthenate films modified electrodes for catecholamines and sulfur oxoanions,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 589, no. 1, pp. 15–23, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Kalimuthu and S. A. John, “Simultaneous determination of epinephrine, uric acid and xanthine in the presence of ascorbic acid using an ultrathin polymer film of 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol modified electrode,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 647, no. 1, pp. 97–103, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Salimi, C. E. Banks, and R. G. Compton, “Abrasive immobilization of carbon nanotubes on a basal plane pyrolytic graphite electrode: application to the detection of epinephrine,” Analyst, vol. 129, no. 3, pp. 225–228, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. P. Jin, X. Peng, and Y. F. Ding, “The electrochemical modification of clenbuterol for biosensors of dopamine, norepinephrine, adrenalin, ascorbic acid and uric acid at paraffin-impregnated graphite electrode,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1031–1035, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Zeng, J. Yang, and K. Wu, “Electrochemistry and determination of epinephrine using a mesoporous Al-incorporated SiO2 modified electrode,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53, no. 14, pp. 4615–4620, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. X. Jiang and X. Lin, “Immobilization of DNA on carbon fiber microelectrodes by using overoxidized polypyrrole template for selective detection of dopamine and epinephrine in the presence of high concentrations of ascorbic acid and uric acid,” Analyst, vol. 130, no. 3, pp. 391–396, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Z. Yang, G. Hu, X. Chen, J. Zhao, and G. Zhao, “The nano-Au self-assembled glassy carbon electrode for selective determination of epinephrine in the presence of ascorbic acid,” Colloids and Surfaces B, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 230–235, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Jin and H. Zhang, “Nano-gold modified glassy carbon electrode for selective determination of epinephrine in the presence of ascorbic acid,” Analytical Letters, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 1907–1918, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Łuczak, “Electrocatalytic application of an overoxidized dopamine film prepared on a gold electrode surface to selective epinephrine sensing,” Electroanalysis, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1317–1322, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Ni, Y. Wang, D. Zhang, F. Gao, and M. Li, “Electrochemical oxidation of epinephrine and uric acid at a layered double hydroxide film modified glassy carbon electrode and its application,” Electroanalysis, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1130–1135, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. F. C. Moraes, L. C. Golinelli, L. H. Mascaro, and S. A. S. MacHado, “Determination of epinephrine in urine using multi-walled carbon nanotube modified with cobalt phthalocyanine in a paraffin composite electrode,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 148, no. 2, pp. 492–497, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Ulman, “Formation and structure of self-assembled monolayers,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 96, no. 4, pp. 1533–1554, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Ž. Petrović, M. Metikoš-Huković, and R. Babić, “Potential-assisted assembly of 1-dodecanethiol on polycrystalline gold,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 623, no. 1, pp. 54–60, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Adamovski, A. Zając, P. Grundler, and G. U. Flechsig, “Self-assembled monolayers on bismuth electrodes,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 932–936, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. S. F. Wang, D. Du, and Q. C. Zou, “Electrochemical behavior of epinephrine at L-cysteine self-assembled monolayers modified gold electrode,” Talanta, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 687–692, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. F. Liu, X. H. Li, Y. C. Li, Y. F. Li, J. R. Li, and L. Jiang, “The influence of gold nanoparticle modified electrode on the structure of mercaptopropionic acid self-assembly monolayer,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 427–431, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Wang, J. Bai, P. Huang, H. Wang, L. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, “Self-assembly of gold nanoparticles for the voltammetric sensing of epinephrine,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1035–1040, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. W. Nowicki and G. Nowicka, “Verification of the Schulze-Hardy rule,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 71, no. 7, pp. 624–626, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Bełtowska-Brzezinska, “Untersuchungen zum mechanismus der elektrochemischen oxidation von alkoholen an gold,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 267–271, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. T. Łuczak, “Activity of gold towards methylamine electrooxidation,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 37, pp. 461–466, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. J. Zhong and M. D. Porter, “Evidence for carbon-sulfur bond cleavage in spontaneously adsorbed organosulfide-based monolayers at gold,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 116, no. 25, pp. 11616–11617, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. H. A. Biebuyck, C. D. Bain, and G. M. Whitesides, “Comparison of organic monolayers on polycrystalline gold spontaneously assembled from solutions containing dialkyl disulfides or alkanethiols,” Langmuir, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 1825–1831, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. W. K. Paik, S. Eu, K. Lee, S. Chon, and M. Kim, “Electrochemical reactions in adsorption of organosulfur molecules on gold and silver: potential dependent adsorption,” Langmuir, vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 10198–10205, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. Chon and W. K. Paik, “Adsorption of self-assembling sulfur compounds through electrochemical reactions: effects of potential, acid and oxidizing agents,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 3, no. 16, pp. 3405–3410, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Q. Cheng and A. Brajter-Toth, “Selectivity and sensitivity of self-assembled thioctic acid electrodes,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 3, pp. 3405–3410, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. R. Raj, T. Okajima, and T. Ohsaka, “Gold nanoparticle arrays for the voltammetric sensing of dopamine,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 543, no. 2, pp. 127–133, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. B. Ballarin, M. C. Cassani, E. Scavetta, and D. Tonelli, “Self-assembled gold nanoparticles modified ITO electrodes: the monolayer binder molecule effect,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53, no. 27, pp. 8034–8044, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. Meier, I. Uhlendorf, and D. Meissner, “Electrochemical features of electrodes modified with Multiple Nano Contacts (MNCs) from colloidal noble metal particles,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 1523–1535, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. H. Sellers, A. Ulman, Y. Shnidman, and J. E. Eilers, “Structure and binding of alkanethiolates on gold and silver surfaces: implications for self-assembled monolayers,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 115, no. 21, pp. 9389–9401, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Z. Jia, J. Liu, and Y. Shen, “Fabrication of a template-synthesized gold nanorod-modified electrode for the detection of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 2739–2743, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. J. Zhang and M. Oyama, “Electrocatalytic activity of three-dimensional monolayer of 3-mercaptopropionic acid assembled on gold nanoparticle arrays,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 459–464, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. J. McMurry, Organic Chemistry, National Scientific, Warsaw, Poland, 2005.
  45. M. C. Leopold, J. A. Black, and E. F. Bowden, “Influence of gold topography on carboxylic acid terminated self-assembled monolayers,” Langmuir, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 978–980, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. E. Dempsey, A. Kennedy, N. Fay, and T. McCormac, “Investigations into heteropolyanions as electrocatalysts for the oxidation of adrenaline,” Electroanalysis, vol. 15, no. 23-24, pp. 1835–1842, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. Kisza, Electrochemistry II, Technical Scientific, Warsaw, Poland, 2001.
  48. Analytical Methods Committee, The Analyst, vol. 112, pp. 199–204, 1987. View at Scopus