Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Electrochemistry
Volume 2011, Article ID 397685, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/397685
Research Article

The Capacitive Behaviors of Manganese Dioxide Thin-Film Electrochemical Capacitor Prototypes

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan 94300, Sarawak, Malaysia

Received 31 May 2011; Revised 21 July 2011; Accepted 18 August 2011

Academic Editor: Kenneth I. Ozoemena

Copyright © 2011 Suh Cem Pang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. C. Pang and M. A. Anderson, “Novel electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors: part II. Material characterization of sol-gel-derived and electrodeposited manganese dioxide thin films,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 2096–2106, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. C. Pang, M. A. Anderson, and T. W. Chapman, “Novel electrode materials for thin-film ultracapacitors: comparison of electrochemical properties of sol-gel-derived and electrodeposited manganese dioxide,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 444–450, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. F. Chin, S. C. Pang, and M. A. Anderson, “Material and electrochemical characterization of tetrapropylammonium manganese oxide thin films as novel electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 149, no. 4, pp. A379–A384, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. US Department of Energy, “Basic research needs for electrical energy storage,” Report of the basic energy sciences workshop for electrical energy storage, July 2007, http://science.energy.gov/bes/news-and-resources/reports/basic-research-needs/.
  5. S. F. Chin and S. C. Pang, “Tetrapropylammonium-manganese oxide/polypyrrole hybrid nanocomposite thin films as novel electrode materials for supercapacitors,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 29–32, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. K. Chang, M. T. Lee, and W. T. Tsai, “In situ Mn K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopic studies of anodically deposited manganese oxide with relevance to supercapacitor applications,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 166, no. 2, pp. 590–594, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. F. Chin, S. C. Pang, and M. A. Anderson, “Self-assembled manganese dioxide nanowires as electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors,” Materials Letters, vol. 64, no. 24, pp. 2670–2672, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Yu, X. Zhang, D. Wang, L. Wang, and Y. Ma, “Shape-controlled synthesis of 3D hierarchical MnO2 nanostructures for electrochemical supercapacitors,” Crystal Growth and Design, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 528–533, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Chou, F. Cheng, and J. Chen, “Electrodeposition synthesis and electrochemical properties of nanostructured γ-MnO2 films,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 727–734, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Ragupathy, D. H. Park, G. Campet et al., “Remarkable capacity retention of nanostructured manganese oxide upon cycling as an electrode material for supercapacitor,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 15, pp. 6303–6309, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. F. Perez-Benito, C. Arias, and E. Amat, “A kinetic study of the reduction of colloidal manganese dioxide by oxalic acid,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 177, no. 2, pp. 288–297, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. C. Pang and B. H. Wee, “Flexible thin-film electrochemical capacitor and method of fabrication thereof,” Malaysia Patent, no. PI 20094040, 2009.
  13. C. C. Lin and H. W. Chen, “Coating manganese oxide onto graphite electrodes by immersion for electrochemical capacitors,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 3073–3077, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. K. Chang, M. T. Lee, C. W. Cheng et al., “Pseudocapacitive behavior of Mn oxide in aprotic 1-ethyl-3- methylimidazolium-dicyanamide ionic liquid,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 19, no. 22, pp. 3732–3738, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Wei, X. Cui, W. Chen, and D. G. Ivey, “Electrochemical cyclability mechanism for MnO2 electrodes utilized as electrochemical supercapacitors,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 186, no. 2, pp. 543–550, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Simon and Y. Gogotsi, “Materials for electrochemical capacitors,” Nature Materials, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 845–854, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Qu, “The ac impedance studies for porous MnO2 cathode by means of modified transmission line model,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 102, no. 1-2, pp. 270–276, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. E. Conway, Electrochemical Supercapacitors. Scientific Fundamentals and Technological Applications, Klumer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, NY, USA, 1999.
  19. E. Beaudrouet, A. Le Gal La Salle, and D. Guyomard, “Nanostructured manganese dioxides: synthesis and properties as supercapacitor electrode materials,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 1240–1248, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Yagi, T. Ichikawa, A. Hirano, N. Imanishi, S. Ogawa, and Y. Takeda, “Electrode characteristics of manganese oxides prepared by reduction method,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 154-155, pp. 273–278, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. Barsoukov, “Electrochemical power sources—batteries,” in Impedance Spectroscopy Theory, Experiment, and Applications, E. Barsoukov and J. R. Macdonald, Eds., chapter 4, John Wiley and Sons, New Jersey, NJ, USA, 2nd edition, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  22. S. E. Chun, S. I. Pyun, and G. J. Lee, “A study on mechanism of charging/discharging at amorphous manganese oxide electrode in 0.1 M Na2SO4 solution,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 51, no. 28, pp. 6479–6486, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. Xu, C. Wei, B. Li, F. Kang, and Z. Guan, “Charge storage mechanism of manganese dioxide for capacitor application: effect of the mild electrolytes containing alkaline and alkaline-earth metal cations,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 196, no. 18, pp. 7854–7859, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. W. Lajnef, J. M. Vinassa, O. Briat, S. Azzopardi, and E. Woirgard, “Characterization methods and modelling of ultracapacitors for use as peak power sources,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 168, no. 2, pp. 553–560, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. J. Roberts and R. C. T. Slade, “Effect of specific surface area on capacitance in asymmetric carbon/α-MnO2 supercapacitors,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55, no. 25, pp. 7460–7469, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. C. Pang, W. H. Khoh, and S. F. Chin, “Nanoparticulate magnetite thin films as electrode materials for the fabrication of electrochemical capacitors,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 45, no. 20, pp. 5598–5604, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Toupin, T. Brousse, and D. Bélanger, “Influence of microstucture on the charge storage properties of chemically synthesized manganese dioxide,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 3946–3952, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Toupin, T. Brousse, and D. Bélanger, “Charge storage mechanism of MnO2 electrode used in aqueous electrochemical capacitor,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 3184–3190, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Q. Huang, X. Wang, and J. Li, “Characterization and performance of hydrous manganese oxide prepared by electrochemical method and its application for supercapacitors,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 1758–1762, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. V. Subramanian, H. Zhu, and B. Wei, “Nanostructured MnO2: hydrothermal synthesis and electrochemical properties as a supercapacitor electrode material,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 159, no. 1, pp. 361–364, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. R. Prasad and N. Miura, “Potentiodynamically deposited nanostructured manganese dioxide as electrode material for electrochemical redox supercapacitors,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 135, no. 1-2, pp. 354–360, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. K. Chang, C. H. Huang, W. T. Tsai, M. J. Deng, I. W. Sun, and P. Y. Chen, “Manganese films electrodeposited at different potentials and temperatures in ionic liquid and their application as electrode materials for supercapacitors,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53, no. 13, pp. 4447–4453, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Zolfaghari, F. Ataherian, M. Ghaemi, and A. Gholami, “Capacitive behavior of nanostructured MnO2 prepared by sonochemistry method,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 2806–2814, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. Chandrasekaran, M. Koh, A. Yamauchi, and M. Ishikawa, “Electrochemical cell studies based on non-aqueous magnesium electrolyte for electric double layer capacitor applications,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 195, no. 2, pp. 662–666, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Wen, J. W. Lee, I. H. Yeo, J. Park, and S. I. Mho, “The role of cations of the electrolyte for the pseudocapacitive behavior of metal oxide electrodes, MnO2 and RuO2,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 50, no. 2-3, pp. 849–855, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. Athouël, F. Moser, R. Dugas, O. Crosnier, D. Bélanger, and T. Brousse, “Variation of the MnO2 birnessite structure upon charge/discharge in an electrochemical supercapacitor electrode in aqueous Na2SO4 electrolyte,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 18, pp. 7270–7277, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. C. Xu, B. Li, H. Du, F. Kang, and Y. Zeng, “Supercapacitive studies on amorphous MnO2 in mild solutions,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 184, no. 2, pp. 691–694, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus