Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Electrochemistry
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 465452, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/465452
Research Article

Diffusion and Gas Conversion Analysis of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells at Loads via AC Impedance

1Center for Microfibrous Materials, Department of Chemical Engineering, 212 Ross Hall, Auburn University, AL 36849, USA
2Ceramatec, Inc., 2425 South 900 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84119, USA

Received 16 June 2011; Accepted 25 July 2011

Academic Editor: Boniface Kokoh

Copyright © 2011 Robert U. Payne et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Q. A. Huang, B. Wang, W. Qu, and R. Hui, “Impedance diagnosis of metal-supported SOFCs with SDC as electrolyte,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 191, no. 2, pp. 297–303, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. C. Singhal and K. Kendal, High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals, Design and Applications, Elesvier, Oxford, UK, 2003.
  3. Q. A. Huang, R. Hui, B. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A review of AC impedance modeling and validation in SOFC diagnosis,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 28, pp. 8144–8164, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. L. Hellman and R. van den Hoed, “Characterising fuel cell technology: challenges of the commercialisation process,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 305–315, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. U. Payne, Y. Zhu, W. H. Zhu, B. J. Tatarchuk, S. Elangovan, and M. Timper, “Determining kinetic and mass transfer limiting behavior of a solid oxide fuel cell via AC impedance,” in Proceedings of the 2008 AIChE Annual Meeting, pp. 119/1–119/4, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2008.
  6. D. Larrain, J. Van herle, and D. Favrat, “Simulation of SOFC stack and repeat elements including interconnect degradation and anode reoxidation risk,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 161, no. 1, pp. 392–403, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. U. Payne, W. H. Zhu, and B. J. Tatarchuk, “Mechanistic discrimination of circuit elements in solid oxide fuel cell equivalent circuit models,” in Proceedings of the 43rd Power Sources Conference, pp. 327–330, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, July 2008.
  8. J. I. Gazzarri and O. Kesler, “Electrochemical AC impedance model of a solid oxide fuel cell and its application to diagnosis of multiple degradation modes,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 100–110, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. H. Zhu, R. U. Payne, and B. J. Tatarchuk, “PEM stack test and analysis in a power system at operational load via ac impedance,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 168, no. 1, pp. 211–217, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. R. Cahela, W. C. Dillard, R. M. Nelms, R. Putt, and B. J. Tatarchuk, “Zinc-air battery/double layer capacitor hybrid for portable communications pulse power supply,” in Proceedings of the 38rd Power Sources Conference, pp. 61–64, Cherry Hill, NJ, USA, June 1998.
  11. T. E. Springer, “Applications of AC impedance to fuel cell modeling,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings, vol. 99-14, pp. 208–221, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  12. W. H. Zhu, R. U. Payne, R. M. Nelms, and B. J. Tatarchuk, “Equivalent circuit elements for PSpice simulation of PEM stacks at pulse load,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 178, no. 1, pp. 197–206, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. An, K. L. Reifsnider, and C. Y. Gao, “Durability of composite cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 158, no. 1, pp. 254–262, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. J. L. Oestergard and M. Mogensen, “Ac impedance study of the oxygen reduction mechanism on lanthanum strontium manganese oxide La1xSrxMnO3) in solid oxide fuel cells,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 38, no. 14, pp. 2015–2020, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  15. T. Kato, K. Nozaki, A. Negishi et al., “Impedance analysis of a disk-type SOFC using doped lanthanum gallate under power generation,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 133, no. 2, pp. 169–174, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Liu, Z. Lu, B. Wei et al., “Anode-supported micro-SOFC stacks operated under single-chamber conditions,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154, no. 6, pp. B588–B592, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Lang, C. Auer, A. Eismann, P. Szabo, and N. Wagner, “Investigation of solid oxide fuel cell short stacks for mobile applications by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53, no. 25, pp. 7509–7513, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. A. Boukamp, “Interpretation of an “inductive loop“ in the impedance of an oxygen ion conducting electrolyte/metal electrode system,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 47–55, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Winkler, P. V. Hendriksen, N. Bonanos, and M. Mogensen, “Geometric requirements of solid electrolyte cells with a reference electrode,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 145, no. 4, pp. 1184–1192, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Rogers, “Research solutions and references,” 2008, http://www.consultrsr.com/resources/eis/diff-o.htm. View at Google Scholar
  21. C. N. Cao, “On the impedance plane displays for irreversible electrode reactions based on the stability conditions of the steady-state-II. Two state variables besides electrode potential,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 837–844, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Barbucci, M. Viviani, P. Carpanese, D. Vladikova, and Z. Stoynov, “Impedance analysis of oxygen reduction in SOFC composite electrodes,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 51, no. 8-9, pp. 1641–1650, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. R. P. O'Hayre, S.-W. Cha, and W. Colella, Fuel Cell Fundamentals, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2006.
  24. C. J. Geankoplis, Transport Processes and Unit Operations, Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 3rd edition, 1993.
  25. T. Ioroi, T. Hara, Y. Uchimoto, Z. Ogumi, and Z. I. Takehara, “Preparation of perovskite-type La1xSrxMnO3 films by vapor-phase processes and their electrochemical properties: II. Effects of doping strontium to LaMnO3 on the electrode properties,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 145, no. 6, pp. 1999–2004, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Primdahl and M. Mogensen, “Gas conversion impedance: a test geometry effect in characterization of solid oxide fuel cell anodes,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 145, no. 7, pp. 2431–2438, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  27. A. Momma, Y. Kaga, K. Takano et al., “AC impedance behavior of a practical-size single-cell SOFC under DC current,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 174, no. 1–4, pp. 87–95, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. A. Lasia, “Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and its applications,” in Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, B. E. Conway, J. O. M. Bockris, and R. E. White, Eds., no. 32, pp. 143–242, Kluwer Academic, New York, NY, USA, 1999. View at Google Scholar