Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Electrochemistry
Volume 2019, Article ID 6478708, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6478708
Research Article

Electrical Conductivity of Films Formed by Few-Layer Graphene Structures Obtained by Plasma-Assisted Electrochemical Exfoliation of Graphite

Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician Semenov avenue 1, Chernogolovka, Moscow 142432, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed to Vladimir P. Vasiliev; ur.liam@veilisavpv

Received 30 November 2018; Revised 12 February 2019; Accepted 11 March 2019; Published 28 April 2019

Academic Editor: Gerd-Uwe Flechsig

Copyright © 2019 Vladimir P. Vasiliev et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Wang, X. Chen, Y. Zhong, F. Zhu, and K. P. Loh, “Large area, continuous, few-layered graphene as anodes in organic photovoltaic devices,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95, no. 6, pp. 063302-063303, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee et al., “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 574–578, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Wu, F. Zhang, H. Liang, and X. Feng, “Nanocomposites and macroscopic materials: assembly of chemically modified graphene sheets,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 41, no. 18, p. 6160, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. K. Parvez, S. Yang, Y. Hernandez et al., “Nitrogen-doped graphene and its iron-based composite as efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction,” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 9541–9550, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Z. S. Wu, K. Parvez, X. Feng, and K. Müllen, “Graphene-based in-plane micro-supercapacitors with high power and energy densities,” Nature Communications, vol. 4, pp. 2487-2488, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  6. L. Qu, Y. Liu, J.-B. Baek, and L. Dai, “Nitrogen-doped graphene as efficient metal-free electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction in fuel cells,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 1321–1326, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Zheng, Y. Jiao, M. Jaroniec, Y. Jin, and S. Z. Qiao, “Nanostructured metal-free electrochemical catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction,” Small, vol. 8, no. 23, pp. 3550–3566, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. Q. G. He and E. J. Cairns, “Recent progress in electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction suitable for alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 162, no. 14, pp. 1504–1539, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X. Liu, L. Li, W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, W. Niu, and S. Chen, “High-performance electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction based on nitrogen-doped porous carbon from hydrothermal treatment of glucose and dicyandiamide,” ChemElectroChem, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 803–810, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. Y. Fang, H. Wang, H. Yu, and F. Peng, “From chicken feather to nitrogen and sulfur co-doped large surface bio-carbon flocs: an efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 213, pp. 273–282, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. K. Parvez, Z.-S. Wu, R. Li et al., “Exfoliation of graphite into graphene in aqueous solutions of inorganic salts,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 136, no. 16, pp. 6083–6091, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Eda, G. Fanchini, and M. Chhowalla, “Large-area ultrathin films of reduced graphene oxide as a transparent and flexible electronic material,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 270–274, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. H. M. Jafri, K. Carva, E. Widenkvist et al., “Conductivity engineering of graphene by defect formation,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 045404–045408, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. G. Krivenko, R. A. Manzhos, and A. S. Kotkin, “Plasma-assisted electrochemical exfoliation of graphite in the pulsed mode,” High Energy Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 272-273, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. A. G. Krivenko, R. A. Manzhos, and A. S. Kotkin, “Pulse generator for electrochemical exfoliation of graphite,” Pribory i Tekhnika Eksperimenta, no. 4, pp. 158-159, 2018. View at Google Scholar
  16. V. Smirnov, V. Vasil’ev, N. Denisov, Y. Baskakova, and V. Dubovitskii, “Electric behavior of interlayer water in graphene oxide films,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 648, pp. 87–90, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. A. G. Krivenko, R. A. Manzhos, N. S. Komarova, A. S. Kotkin, E. N. Kabachkov, and Y. M. Shul’ga, “Comparative study of graphite and the products of its electrochemical exfoliation,” Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 825–834, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. G. Panomsuwan, N. Saito, and T. Ishizaki, “Nitrogen-doped carbon nanoparticle-carbon nanofiber composite as an efficient metal-free cathode catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 6962–6971, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. D. Gardner, C. S. Singamsetty, G. L. Booth, G. He, and C. U. Pittman, “Surface characterization of carbon fibers using angle-resolved XPS and ISS,” Carbon, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 587–595, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. K. Parvez, R. A. Rincón, N. Weber, K. C. Cha, and S. S. Venkataraman, “One-step electrochemical synthesis of nitrogen and sulfur co-doped, high-quality graphene oxide,” Chemical Communications, vol. 52, no. 33, pp. 5714–5717, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. R. A. Manzhos, V. P. Vasil’ev, and A. G. Krivenko, “Electrical Conductivity of Films Formed by Few-Layer Graphene Structures,” Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 388–391, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. B. A. Aragaw, W. Su, J. Rick, and B. Hwang, “Highly efficient synthesis of reduced graphene oxide–Nafion nanocomposites with strong coupling for enhanced proton and electron conduction,” RSC Advances, vol. 3, no. 45, p. 23212, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. M. Tortello, S. Bianco, V. Ijeri, P. Spinelli, and E. Tresso, “Nafion membranes with vertically-aligned CNTs for mixed proton and electron conduction,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 415-416, pp. 346–352, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Oberoi and J. Andrews, “Metal hydride–nafion composite electrode with dual proton and electron conductivity,” International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 270–274, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. V. Smirnov, N. Denisov, A. Ukshe, and Y. Shulga, “Conductivity of graphene oxide films: Dependence from solvents and photoreduction,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 583, pp. 155–159, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. E. L. Cussler, Diffusion, Mass Transfer in Fluids Systems, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2nd edition, 1997.