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International Journal of Engineering Mathematics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 581507, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/581507
Research Article

The Effect of Heat Transfer on MHD Marangoni Boundary Layer Flow Past a Flat Plate in Nanofluid

1Department of Mathematics, Aditya Engineering College, Surampalem, Ardhra Pradesh 533437, India
2Deptartment of Engineering Mathematics, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam, Ardhra Pradesh 530023, India

Received 30 March 2013; Revised 8 May 2013; Accepted 8 May 2013

Academic Editor: Yurong Liu

Copyright © 2013 D. R. V. S. R. K. Sastry et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The problem of heat transfer on the Marangoni convection boundary layer flow in an electrically conducting nanofluid is studied. Similarity transformations are used to transform the set of governing partial differential equations of the flow into a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Numerical solutions of the similarity equations are then solved through the MATLAB “bvp4c” function. Different nanoparticles like Cu, Al2O3, and TiO2 are taken into consideration with water as base fluid. The velocity and temperature profiles are shown in graphs. Also the effects of the Prandtl number and solid volume fraction on heat transfer are discussed.