Table of Contents
International Journal of Family Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 879036, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/879036
Research Article

Factors Associated with Physician Assistant Practice in Rural and Primary Care in Utah

1Physician Assistant Program, The University of Utah, 375 Chipeta Way, Suite A, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
2Physician Assistant Program, DUMC 104780, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
3Utah Medical Education Council, 230 South 500 East, Suite 210, Salt Lake City, UT 84102-2062, USA
4Division of Public Health, The University of Utah, 375 Chipeta Way, Suite A, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA

Received 6 January 2011; Revised 29 April 2011; Accepted 9 June 2011

Academic Editor: Sara Willems

Copyright © 2011 Jennifer M. Coombs et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Physician Assistants (PAs) have become an integral part of the United States (U.S.) health care system since the profession began in the late 1960s. PAs have been suggested as solutions to predicted physician shortages especially in primary care. This study examined the predictors of primary care and rural practice patterns of PAs in Utah. A cross sectional survey design was utilized. The outcome variables were practice specialty and practice location. The predictor variables were age, gender, number of years in practice, location of upbringing, and professional school of graduation. There was a response rate of 67.7%. The Utah Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing (DOPL) provided the list of licensed PAs in the state. Physician assistants who reported being raised in rural communities were 2.29 times more likely to be practicing in rural communities (95% CI 0.89–5.85). Female PAs had lower odds of practicing in a rural area (OR: 0.26; 95% CI: 0.10–0.66). Female PAs had lower odds of practicing in primary care versus their male counterparts (OR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.33–0.96). Graduation from the Utah PA Program was more likely to result in primary care practice (OR: 2.16; 95% CI: 1.34–3.49).