Table of Contents
International Journal of Family Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 649383, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/649383
Research Article

Retrospective Analysis of Metabolic Syndrome: Prevalence and Distribution in Executive Population in Urban Pakistan

1Department of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
2Jinnah Postgraduate Medical College, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Rafiquee Shaheed Road, P.O. Box 3937, Karachi 74800, Pakistan

Received 30 March 2012; Revised 26 July 2012; Accepted 29 July 2012

Academic Editor: P. Van Royen

Copyright © 2012 Niloufer Sultan Ali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a major public health concern. Objective. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of MetS, its components, and factors associated with MetS amongst apparently healthy individuals in Pakistan. Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at the executive Clinics of Aga Khan Hospital, Pakistan. Medical records of patients aged ≥18 years visiting the clinics from July 2011 to December 2011 were consecutively reviewed. Records in which either MetS components data or 10% of overall data was missing were excluded. A total of 1329 participants’ records was included in final analysis. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 19 and multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the factors associated with MetS. Results. A total of 847 (63.7%) participants had MetS; mean age of the participants were 47.6 ± 11.6 years. About 70.4% were males and 29.6% were females. Approximately 70% of participants had BMI ≥25 kg/m2. MetS was associated with male gender (AOR = 2.1; 95% C.I: 1.6–3.2) and history of diabetes among parents (AOR = 3.0; 95% C.I: 1.6–6.0). Conclusion. This study shows that a large proportion of population has MetS and is overweight or obese. This requires urgent interventions on part of health care providers’ especially family physicians. Educating masses about life style factors can make a difference. Further researches on this issue are warranted.