Table of Contents
International Journal of Family Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 842912, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/842912
Research Article

Prevalent Obstacles and Predictors for People Living with Type 2 Diabetes

Department of Policlinic and Family Medicine, University of Tartu, L. Puusepa 1a, 50406 Tartu, Estonia

Received 7 August 2012; Revised 19 October 2012; Accepted 20 October 2012

Academic Editor: Janko Kersnik

Copyright © 2012 L. Pilv et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a chronic, progressive disease with serious micro- and macrovascular complications. A person affected by T2DM should learn to accept the new restricted lifestyle. Aims. The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of obstacles in coping with daily life for people with T2DM and the magnitude of the relationships of the obstacles with various patient characteristics. Methods. Participants were recruited from randomly selected GPs’ lists in Estonia. Respondents completed the Estonian version of the Diabetes Obstacles Questionnaire (DOQ). The statements were assessed on a 5-point scale. Biomedical and clinical variables were measured. The central tendency statistics and skewness and kurtosis for all statements were computed to find out those that reflect obstacles. Then obstacles of the DOQ were stratified. Multinomial logistic regression (MLR) was computed to estimate the influences of descriptive variables on the statements. Results and Conclusions. Altogether, 138 diabetic patients were enrolled in the study. Fourteen statements were identified as obstacles. Variables such as age, type of diabetes treatment, and BMI had significant effects on five of them. Younger age, BMI, and insulin nonuse were revealed as the strongest predictive characteristics for perceiving obstacles more often in coping with daily life.