Table of Contents
International Journal of Family Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 257369, 7 pages
Research Article

Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder among Primary School Children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt

1Family Medicine Department, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2Psychiatry Department, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Received 12 July 2014; Revised 24 October 2014; Accepted 23 November 2014; Published 10 December 2014

Academic Editor: Samuel Y. S. Wong

Copyright © 2014 Taghreed Farahat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral problem in children. Global variations in diagnostic criteria and rating scales of ADHD either by DSM-IV or ICD 10 may contribute to variations in its prevalence. Objectives. The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of ADHD and to determine its risk factors. Methodology. A cross-section comparative study was conducted in a randomly selected four primary schools in Menoufia governorate, Egypt. All children after a valid consent of their parents (. 1362) were subjected to complete history taking, medical and psychological assessment, and IQ estimation. Their parents and teachers were subjected to the corresponding Arabic forms of Conner’s questionnaire. Suspected cases were confirmed and categorized by DSM-IV criteria. The sample was divided into cases and controls to study the risk factors. Results. Prevalence of ADHD was 6.9% and the male : female ratio was 3.5 : 1. The main risk factors were neonatal problems (), family history of psychiatric and medical illnesses ( and 2.8), and male gender (). Conclusion. Prevalence of ADHD among Menoufia school children was 6.9%. Dealing with its risk factors is mandatory for prevention, early management, and better outcome.