International Journal of Food Science / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Ethoxyquin: An Antioxidant Used in Animal Feed

Table 4

Harmful effects of EQ observed after its oral administration in different animals or in humans (contact exposure).

The harmful effectAnimals

Loss of weightMarmosets1, rats2, dogs2, mice2, rabbits3
Changes in liverMarmosets1, rats1,4, dogs2, mice2, broiler chickens2, tilapia5
Changes in kidneyMarmosets1, rats2,6,7, dogs2, broiler chickens2,8
Changes in alimentary ductMarmosets1, dogs2, mice2, broiler chickens2,8
Changes in urinary bladderRats2
Changes in mitochondriaRats2
Colored urine, skin, or furDogs2, rats2
Increase in mortalityBroiler chickens2,8
Effect on immunity Tilapia5
Condition factor: the final body weight in relation to body length of fishLarge yellow croaker9
Allergy (contact exposure)Humans10,11,12

McIntosh et al. [58], 2Drewhurst [13], 3Little [10],4Ito et al. [59], 5Yamashita et al. [60], 6Neal et al. [61], 7Manson et al. [53], 8Leong and Brown [62], 9Wang et al. [63], 10Rodríguez-Trabado et al. [9], 11Brandao [5], 12Savini et al. [6].

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