International Journal of Food Science / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Roots and Tuber Crops as Functional Foods: A Review on Phytochemical Constituents and Their Potential Health Benefits

Table 2

Different types of tuber crops commonly consumed in world.

Botanical nameFamilyCommon name

PotatoesSolanum tuberosumSolanaceae

Country potato
Hausa potato
Solenostemon rotundifolius Lamiaceae (mint family)Innala, ratala (Sri Lanka)

CannasCanna edulisCannaceaeButhsarana (Sri Lanka)

Maranta arundinacea L.MarantaceaeArrow root
Hulankeeriya (Sri Lanka)
Aru aru, arawak (India)

TaroXanthosoma sagittifoliumAraceaeKiriala (Sri Lanka)
Keladi (Malaysia)
Phueak (Thailand)
Khoai mon (Vietnam)
Sato-imo (Japan)

YamDioscorea alataDioscoreaceaePurple yam; greater yam
Guyana; water yam
Winged yam
Raja ala (Sri Lanka)
Ube (Philippines)

Sweet potatoesIpomoea batatasConvolvulaceaeCamote; batata
Shakarkand

CassavaManihot esculentaEuphorbiaceaeYuxco; mogo; manioc
mandioca; kamoteng kahoy

Elephant foot yamAmorphophallus paeoniifoliusAraceaeWhite pot giant arum; stink lily

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