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Comparative and Functional Genomics
Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 416-419
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cfg.304
Conference review

Development of Computational Tools for the Inference of Protein Interaction Specificity Rules and Functional Annotation Using Structural Information

Centre for Molecular Bioinformatics, Department of Biology, University of Rome, Tor Vergata, Via Della Ricerca Scientifica, Rome 00133, Italy

Received 7 May 2003; Revised 30 May 2003; Accepted 30 May 2003

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Relatively few protein structures are known, compared to the enormous amount of sequence data produced in the sequencing of different genomes, and relatively few protein complexes are deposited in the PDB with respect to the great amount of interaction data coming from high-throughput experiments (two-hybrid or affinity purification of protein complexes and mass spectrometry). Nevertheless, we can rely on computational techniques for the extraction of high-quality and information-rich data from the known structures and for their spreading in the protein sequence space. We describe here the ongoing research projects in our group: we analyse the protein complexes stored in the PDB and, for each complex involving one domain belonging to a family of interaction domains for which some interaction data are available, we can calculate its probability of interaction with any protein sequence. We analyse the structures of proteins encoding a function specified in a PROSITE pattern, which exhibits relatively low selectivity and specificity, and build extended patterns. To this aim, we consider residues that are well-conserved in the structure, even if their conservation cannot easily be recognized in the sequence alignment of the proteins holding the function. We also analyse protein surface regions and, through the annotation of the solvent-exposed residues, we annotate protein surface patches via a structural comparison performed with stringent parameters and independently of the residue order in the sequence. Local surface comparison may also help in identifying new sequence patterns, which could not be highlighted with other sequence-based methods.