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Comparative and Functional Genomics
Volume 4 (2003), Issue 3, Pages 346-350
Short Communication

Association of Polymorphisms in the Human IL4 and IL5 Genes with Atopic Bronchial Asthma and Severity of the Disease

1Population Genetics Laboratory, Research Institute for Medical Genetics, 10 Nab. r. Ushaiky Ave., Tomsk 634050, Russia
2Department of Pediatrics, Siberian State Medical University, Tomsk, Russia
3Department of Medical Genetics, Siberian State Medical University, Tomsk, Russia

Accepted 31 March 2003

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Two polymorphisms in the IL4 (G/C 3′-UTR) and IL5 (C-703T) genes were studied in a sample of families whose probands had atopic bronchial asthma (BA) (66 families, n = 183) and in a group of non-cognate individuals with the severe form of the disease (n = 34). The samples were collected from the Russian population in the city of Tomsk (Russia). Using the transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT), a significant association of allele C-703 IL5 with BA was established (TDT = 4.923, p = 0.007 ± 0.0007). The analysis of 40 individuals with mild asthma and 49 patients with the severe form of the disease revealed a negative association of genotype GG IL4 (OR = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.15−0.99, p = 0.035), and also a trend towards a positive association of the GC IL4 genotype (OR = 2.52, 95% CI = 0.98−6.57, p = 0.052) with mild BA. There was a concordance of the clinical classification of BA severity with the ‘genotype’ (McNemar's χ2 test with continuity correction constituted 0.03, d.f. = 1, p = 0.859). These results suggest that polymorphisms in the IL4 and IL5 genes contribute to the susceptibility to atopic BA and could determine the clinical course of the disease.