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International Journal of Genomics
Volume 2015, Article ID 230985, 11 pages
Research Article

Transcriptome Analysis of Interspecific Hybrid between Brassica napus and B. rapa Reveals Heterosis for Oil Rape Improvement

1Crop Science Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan 6110066, China
2School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610054, China
3Institute of Agro-Products Processing Science and Technology, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan 6110066, China

Received 3 May 2015; Revised 3 August 2015; Accepted 5 August 2015

Academic Editor: Graziano Pesole

Copyright © 2015 Jinfang Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The hybrid between Brassica napus and B. rapa displays obvious heterosis in both growth performance and stress tolerances. A comparative transcriptome analysis for B. napus ( genome), B. rapa ( genome), and its hybrid F1 ( genome) was carried out to reveal the possible molecular mechanisms of heterosis at the gene expression level. A total of 40,320 nonredundant unigenes were identified using B. rapa (AA genome) and B. oleracea (CC genome) as reference genomes. A total of 6,816 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mapped in the A and C genomes with 4,946 DEGs displayed nonadditively by comparing the gene expression patterns among the three samples. The coexistence of nonadditive DEGs including high-parent dominance, low-parent dominance, overdominance, and underdominance was observed in the gene action modes of F1 hybrid, which were potentially related to the heterosis. The coexistence of multiple gene actions in the hybrid was observed and provided a list of candidate genes and pathways for heterosis. The expression bias of transposable element-associated genes was also observed in the hybrid compared to their parents. The present study could be helpful for the better understanding of the determination and regulation of mechanisms of heterosis to aid Brassica improvement.