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International Journal of Geophysics
Volume 2012, Article ID 418084, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/418084
Research Article

Entropy-Based Clutter Rejection for Intrawall Diagnostics

Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, 81031 Aversa, Italy

Received 16 March 2012; Accepted 1 May 2012

Academic Editor: Francesco Soldovieri

Copyright © 2012 Raffaele Solimene and Antonietta D'Alterio. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The intrawall diagnostic problem of detecting localized inhomogeneities possibly present within the wall is addressed. As well known, clutter arising from masonry structure can impair detection of embedded scatterers due to high amplitude reflections that wall front face introduces. Moreover, internal multiple reflections also can make it difficult ground penetrating radar images (radargramms) interpretation. To counteract these drawbacks, a clutter rejection method, properly tailored on the wall features, is mandatory. To this end, here we employ a windowing strategy based on entropy measures of temporal traces “similarity.” Accordingly, instants of time for which radargramms exhibit entropy values greater than a prescribed threshold are “silenced.” Numerical results are presented in order to show the effectiveness of the entropy-based clutter rejection algorithm. Moreover, a comparison with the standard average trace subtraction is also included.