Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Hepatology
Volume 2011, Article ID 960720, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/960720
Review Article

Clinicopathological Features and Treatment of Ectopic Varices with Portal Hypertension

Department of Gastroenterology, Sapporo Kosei General Hospital, Kita 3 Higashi 8, Chuo-ku, Sapporo 060-0033, Japan

Received 15 January 2011; Accepted 12 May 2011

Academic Editor: Deepak Amarapurkar

Copyright © 2011 Takahiro Sato et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [38 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • C. Gubler, M. Glenck, T. Pfammatter, and P. Bauerfeind, “Successful treatment of anastomotic jejunal varices with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl): single-center experience,” Endoscopy, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 776–779, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Takahito Hayashi, Claas Buschmann, Dejana Matejic, Barbara Ingold, and Michael Tsokos, “Fatal intraabdominal bleeding from ectopic varices: report of two autopsy cases,” Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 96–99, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sarath Chandra Sistla, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Duvuru Ram, Sheik Manwar Ali, and Nagarajan Rajkumar, “Endoscopic variceal ligation as a safe and effective alternative to endoscopic sclerotherapy in bleeding ectopic duodenal varix—report of a rare case,” Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 419–420, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Chi-Yuan Liao, Li-Chun Yang, and Vu L. Bui, “Postmenopausal Bleeding Related to Omental-Uterine Varices in a Patient With Cirrhosis,” Journal Of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 151–152, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ji Young Lee, Soon-Young Song, Jinoo Kim, Byung-Hee Koh, Yongsoo Kim, Woo Kyoung Jeong, and Min Yeong Kim, “Percutaneous transsplenic embolization of jejunal varices in a patient with liver cirrhosis: a case report,” Abdominal Imaging, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 52–55, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dinesh Kumar Sundarakumar, Crysela Mirta Smith, Jorge Enrique Lopera, Matthew Kogut, and Rajeev Suri, “Endovascular interventions for traumatic portal venous hemorrhage complicated by portal hypertension.,” World journal of radiology, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 381–5, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dong Hoon Lim, Dong Hyun Kim, Min Seok Kim, and Chul Sung Kim, “Balloon-Occluded Percutaneous Transhepatic Obliteration of Isolated Vesical Varices Causing Gross Hematuria,” Korean Journal Of Radiology, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 94–96, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Bong Suk Ko, Woo Tae Kim, Su Sun Chang, Eun Hye Kim, Seung Woo Lee, Won Seok Park, Yeon Soo Kim, Soon Woo Nam, Dong Soo Lee, Ji Chang Kim, and Sang Bum Kang, “A case of ascending colon variceal bleeding treated with venous coil embolization,” World Journal Of Gastroenterology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 311–315, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Erwin Biecker, “Portal hypertension and gastrointestinal bleeding: Diagnosis, prevention and management,” World Journal Of Gastroenterology, vol. 19, no. 31, pp. 5035–5050, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Erwin Biecker, “Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patients with Portal Hypertension,” ISRN Hepatology, vol. 2013, pp. 1–20, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ion Dina, and Carmen Fierbinteanu Braticevici, “Idiopathic Colonic Varices: Case Report and Review of Literature,” Hepatitis Monthly, vol. 14, no. 6, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hee Ho Chu, Hyo-Cheol Kim, Saebeom Hur, Hwan Jun Jae, and Jin Wook Chung, “Percutaneous transhepatic portal vein stent-graft placement and jejunal varices embolization after hepaticojejunostomy.,” Gastrointestinal Intervention, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sith Siramolpiwat, “Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts and portal hypertension-related complications,” World Journal Of Gastroenterology, vol. 20, no. 45, pp. 16996–17010, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Surinder Singh Rana, Deepak Kumar Bhasin, Vishal Sharma, Vinita Chaudhary, Ravi Sharma, and Kartar Singh, “Clinical, endoscopic and endoscopic ultrasound features of duodenal varices: A report of 10 cases,” Endoscopic Ultrasound, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 54–57, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dong-Won Ahn, and Ji Bong Jeong, “Jejunal Varices Causing Recurrent Obscure Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage,” The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 191, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Parit Mekaroonkamol, “Portal hypertensive enteropathy,” World Journal of Hepatology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 127, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Brij Sharma, Sujeet Raina, and Rajesh Sharma, “Bleeding Ectopic Varices as the First Manifestation of Portal Hypertension,” Case Reports in Hepatology, vol. 2014, pp. 1–3, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Lidia Roque Ramos, Vitor Fernandes, and Pedro Pinto-Marques, “Ectopic perianal varix in a patient with portal hypertension: a rare cause of hematochezia,” International Journal Of Colorectal Disease, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 717–717, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Marianne Kim, Rend Al-Khalili, and Jeffery Miller, “Vesical varices: an unusual presentation of portal hypertension,” Clinical Imaging, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Keyur Parikh, Meer Akbar Ali, and Richard C.K. Wong, “Unusual Causes of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dong Jae Shim, and Ji Hoon Shin, “Management of jejunal bleeding by jejunal variceal embolization and portal venous recanalization after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy,” Gastrointestinal Intervention, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 120–123, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dalia Belsha, and Mike Thomson, “Challenges of banding jejunal varices in an 8-year-old child.,” World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy, vol. 7, no. 19, pp. 1350–4, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Michael J. Williams, and Peter Hayes, “Improving the management of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis,” Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, pp. 1–11, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Carmelo Luigiano, Giuseppe Iabichino, Antonino Judica, Clara Virgilio, Valentina Peta, and Ludovico Abenavoli, “Role of endoscopy in management of gastrointestinal complications of portal hypertension.,” World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kawtar Al Khalloufi, “Management of rectal varices in portal hypertension,” World Journal of Hepatology, vol. 7, no. 30, pp. 2992, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Cristina Trasancos Escura, “Stomal varices: An unusual cause of bleeding in patients with portal hypertension,” Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alicia Laborda, José Andrés Guirola, Joaquín Medrano, Miguel Ángel Simón, Ignatios Ioakeim, and Miguel Ángel de Gregorio, “TIPS treatment in a patient with severe lower gastrointestinal bleeding with a misdiagnosis of cirrhotic portal hypertension,” Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Audrey E. Ertel, Alex L. Chang, Young Kim, and Shimul A. Shah, “Management of gastrointestinal bleeding in the cirrhotic patient,” Current Problems in Surgery, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Seong Ran Jeon, and Jin-Oh Kim, “Capsule Endoscopy for Portal Hypertensive Enteropathy,” Gastroenterology Research and Practice, vol. 2016, pp. 1–8, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dong Jae Shim, Ji Hoon Shin, Gi-Young Ko, Yook Kim, Kichang Han, Dong-Il Gwon, and Heung-Kyu Ko, “Portal vein stent placement with or without varix embolization of jejunal variceal bleeding after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery,” Acta Radiologica, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 423–429, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Maria Ana Túlio, Susana Marques, Miguel Bispo, Tiago Bana, and Cristina Chagas, “Endoscopic Management of Acute Bleeding from an Ectopic Duodenal Varix.,” GE Portuguese journal of gastroenterology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 98–100, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Marcus Robertson, Alexandra Ines Thompson, and Peter Clive Hayes, “The Management of Bleeding from Anorectal Varices,” Current Hepatology Reports, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Marcus C. Robertson, and Peter C. Hayes, “Endoscopic Management of Acute Variceal Bleeding,” Endoscopy in Liver Disease, pp. 55–96, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sang Woo Park, Eunae Cho, Chung Hwan Jun, Sung Kyu Choi, Hyun Soo Kim, Chang Hwan Park, Jong Sun Rew, Sung Bum Cho, Hee Joon Kim, Mingui Han, and Kyu Man Cho, “Upper gastrointestinal ectopic variceal bleeding treated with various endoscopic modalities,” Medicine, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. e5860, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ankur Jindal, and Cyriac Abby Philips, “Pulmonary Glue Embolization after Endoscopic Treatment of Bleeding Sigmoid Colon Varices.,” ACG case reports journal, vol. 4, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sayoko Kunihara, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Ichiro Otani, Atsushi Igawa, Yuko Nagaoki, Hiroshi Aikata, and Kazuaki Chayama, “Predictive Factors of Portal Hypertensive Enteropathy Exacerbation in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: A Capsule Endoscopy Study,” Digestion, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Zahava C. Farkas, Priyanka Chugh, Shalom Frager, Khwaja F. Haq, Muhammad Ali Khan, Shantanu Solanki, Edward Esses, Gregory Veillette, and Roxana Bodin, “Periampullary Variceal Bleeding: An Atypical Complication of Portal Hypertension,” Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine, vol. 2018, pp. 1–4, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Chang Joon Park, Bong Eun Lee, Hye Kyung Jeon, Gwang Ha Kim, Geun Am Song, Sang Hwa Ko, So Jeong Lee, and Do Youn Park, “Case of Bleeding Ileal Varices after a Colectomy Diagnosed by Capsule Endoscopy,” The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 349, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar