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International Journal of Hepatology
Volume 2016, Article ID 6741754, 5 pages
Research Article

Hyperammonemia Is Associated with Increasing Severity of Both Liver Cirrhosis and Hepatic Encephalopathy

KTH Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan

Received 28 August 2016; Revised 2 October 2016; Accepted 9 October 2016

Academic Editor: Daisuke Morioka

Copyright © 2016 Abidullah Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Hyperammonemia resulting from chronic liver disease (CLD) can potentially challenge and damage any organ system of the body, particularly the brain. However, there is still some controversy regarding the diagnostic or prognostic values of serum ammonia in patients with over hepatic encephalopathy, especially in the setting of acute-on-chronic or chronic liver failure. Moreover, the association of serum ammonia with worsening Child-Pugh grade of liver cirrhosis has not been studied. Objective. This study was conducted to solve the controversy regarding the association between hyperammonemia and cirrhosis, especially hepatic encephalopathy in chronically failed liver. Material and Methods. In this study, 171 cirrhotic patients had their serum ammonia measured and analyzed by SPSS version 16. Chi-squared test and one-way ANOVA were applied. Results. The study had 110 male and 61 female participants. The mean age of all the participants in years was . The mean duration (years) of CLD was while the mean Child-Pugh (CP) score was . Chronic viral hepatitis alone was responsible for 71.3% of the cases. Moreover, 86.5% of participants had hepatic encephalopathy (HE). The frequency of hyperammonemia was 67.3%, more frequent in males (, -score = 2.4, and ) than in females (, -score = 2.4, and ), and had a statistically significant relationship with increasing CP grade of cirrhosis ( = 27.46, , Phi = 0.40, and ). Furthermore, serum ammonia level was higher in patients with hepatic encephalopathy than in those without it; . Conclusion. Hyperammonemia is associated with both increasing Child-Pugh grade of liver cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy.