Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 196307, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2010/196307
Research Article

Promoter Polymorphism of RGS2 Gene Is Associated with Change of Blood Pressure in Subjects with Antihypertensive Treatment: The Azelnidipine and Temocapril in Hypertensive Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Study

1Department of Geriatric Medicine and Nephrology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 B6, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
2Department of Clinical Gene Therapy, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
3Osaka General Medical Center, Osaka Prefectural Hospital Organization, Osaka, Japan

Received 3 July 2010; Accepted 23 July 2010

Academic Editor: Stephen B. Harrap

Copyright © 2010 Ken Sugimoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We performed a prospective study to examine the genetic effect on the response to a calcium (Ca) channel blocker, azelnidipine and an ACE inhibitor, temocapril treatment in patients with hypertension, as a part of the prior clinical trial, the Azelnidipine and Temocapril in Hypertensive Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Study (ATTEST). Methods and Results. All subjects who gave informed consent for genetic research were divided into two groups: the subjects treated with azelnidipine or temocapril, for 52 weeks. We selected 18 susceptible genes for hypertension and determined their genotypes using TaqMan PCR method. RNA samples were extracted from peripheral blood, and quantitative real time PCR for all genes was performed using TaqMan method. One of the polymorphisms of the RGS2 gene was extracted as being able to influence the effect of these treatments to reduce BP. At eight weeks, BP change showed a significant interaction between the A-638G polymorphism of Regulator of G protein signaling-2 (RGS2) gene and treatment with azelnidipine or temocapril. There was no gene whose expression was associated with BP phenotypes or the polymorphisms of each gene. Conclusions. A-638G polymorphism of the RGS-2 gene could be a predictive factor for therapeutic performance of Ca channel blockers.