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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 970694, 6 pages
Research Article

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in Romania: Results of the SEPHAR Study

1Department of Cardiology, Emergency Hospital Floreasca, 8 Calea Floreasca, 014461 Bucharest, Romania
2Department of Cardiology, University Emergency Hospital, 050098 Bucharest, Romania

Received 11 July 2009; Revised 3 November 2009; Accepted 20 December 2009

Academic Editor: Csaba Farsang

Copyright © 2010 M. Dorobantu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


East European countries have reported high prevalence of Arterial Hypertension (AHT). In order to investigate the data for Romania, we firstly performed a national survey—the Study for the Evaluation of Prevalence of Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk in Adult Population in Romania (SEPHAR). A representative population was selected using stratified proportional sampling, including 2017 adult subjects, years old. The general prevalence of AHT was 44,92%, higher in men (50,17%) than in women (41,11%) ( ) and predominant in rural areas (49,47%) in comparison to the urban ones (41,58%) ( ). AHT awareness attended 44,26%, rising with age, significantly lower in men (34,58%) than in women (52,8%) ( ). We have found a 38,85% proportion of treated hypertensive persons, worse for men (30,11%) then for women (46,56%) ( ). The rate of AHT control was 19,88%, with no significant differences between gender. In conclusion, we estimated for Romania a high prevalence of AHT, a level of awareness and treatment lower than in many European countries and a rate of treatment control at the inferior limit of the European average. Males, characterized by a higher prevalence of AHT, were also less aware and less treated than women.