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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 174135, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/174135
Research Article

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Saudi Adult Population: A National Survey

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Fahad Medical City, P.O. Box 59046, Riyadh 11525, Saudi Arabia

Received 16 May 2011; Revised 6 July 2011; Accepted 6 July 2011

Academic Editor: Csaba Farsang

Copyright © 2011 Abdalla A. Saeed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This cross-sectional study aimed at estimating prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and predictors of hypertension among Saudi adult population. Multistage stratified sampling was used to select 4758 adult participants. Three blood pressure measurements using an automatic sphygmomanometer, sociodemographics, and antihypertensive modalities were obtained. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 25.5%. Only 44.7% of hypertensives were aware, 71.8% of them received pharmacotherapy, and only 37.0% were controlled. Awareness was significantly associated with gender, age, geographical location, occupation, and comorbidity. Applying drug treatment was significantly more among older patients, but control was significantly higher among younger patients and patients with higher level of physical activity. Significant predictors of hypertension included male gender, urbanization, low education, low physical activity, obesity, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia. In conclusion prevalence is high, but awareness, treatment, and control levels are low indicating a need to develop a national program for prevention, early detection, and control of hypertension.