Table 1: Effects of insulin on renal transporters, channels, or regulators.

Transporter/channelEffects of insulin

ProximalNBCe1Stimulation
NHEStimulation
Na-K-ATPaseStimulation

HenleNKCCStimulation
Na-K-ATPaseStimulation

DistalENaCStimulation
NCCStimulation
Na-K-ATPaseStimulation
WNK4?
WNK1?

CNTENaCStimulation