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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2011, Article ID 398065, 6 pages
Research Article

Management of Hypertension and Diabetes in Obesity: Non-Pharmacological Measures

1Department of Medicine, Grantham and District Hospital, NG31 8DG East Midlands, UK
2Department of Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore 169608
3Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
4Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Lincoln County Hospital, LN2 5QY East Midlands, UK

Received 20 January 2011; Accepted 24 January 2011

Academic Editor: Kazuko Masuo

Copyright © 2011 Joseph M. Pappachan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Obesity has become a global epidemic over the past few decades because of unhealthy dietary habits and reduced physical activity. Hypertension and diabetes are quite common among obese individuals and there is a linear relationship between the degree of obesity and these diseases. Lifestyle interventions like dietary modifications and regular exercise are still important and safe first-line measures for treatment. Recently, bariatric surgery has emerged as an important and very effective treatment option for obese individuals especially in those with comorbidities like hypertension and diabetes. Though there are few effective drugs for the management of obesity, their efficacy is only modest, and they should always be combined with lifestyle interventions for optimal benefit. In this paper we aim to outline the non-pharmacological measures for the management of hypertension and diabetes in obesity.