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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2011, Article ID 410754, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/410754
Research Article

Do Recommendations for the Management of Hypertension Improve Cardiovascular Outcome? The Canadian Experience

1Ambulatory Internal Medicine Teaching Clinic, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, 80 King Street, Suite 2, Street Catharines (ON), Canada L2R 7G1
2Departments of Medicine, Community Health Sciences and Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Canada

Received 13 April 2011; Accepted 22 September 2011

Academic Editor: Zafar Israili

Copyright © 2011 Peter Bolli and Norm R. C. Campbell. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) was established in 1999 as a response to the result of a national survey that showed that a high percentage of Canadians were unaware of having hypertension with only 13% of those treated for hypertension having their blood pressure controlled. The CHEP formulates yearly recommendations based on published evidence. A repeat survey in 2006 showed that the percentage of treated hypertensive patients with the blood pressure controlled had risen to 65.7%. Over the first decade of the existence of the CHEP, the number of prescriptions for antihypertensive medications had increased by 84.4% associated with a significant greater decline in the yearly mortality from stroke, heart failure and myocardial infarction and a significant decrease in the hospitalization for stroke and heart failure. Therefore, the introduction of the CHEP and the yearly issue of updated recommendations resulted in a significant increase in the awareness, diagnosis and treatment of hypertension and in a significant reduction in stroke and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The CHEP model could serve as a template for its adoption to other regions or countries.