Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2011, Article ID 410754, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/410754
Research Article

Do Recommendations for the Management of Hypertension Improve Cardiovascular Outcome? The Canadian Experience

1Ambulatory Internal Medicine Teaching Clinic, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, 80 King Street, Suite 2, Street Catharines (ON), Canada L2R 7G1
2Departments of Medicine, Community Health Sciences and Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Canada

Received 13 April 2011; Accepted 22 September 2011

Academic Editor: Zafar Israili

Copyright © 2011 Peter Bolli and Norm R. C. Campbell. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Rodgers, P. Vaughan, T. Prentice, T. T. Edejer, and D. Evans, The World Health Report 2002, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2002.
  2. P. M. Kearney, M. Whelton, K. Reynolds, P. Muntner, P. K. Whelton, and J. He, “Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data,” The Lancet, vol. 365, no. 9455, pp. 217–223, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. M. M. Lawes, S. Vander der Hoorn, M. R. Law, P. Elliott, S. MacMahon, and A. Rodgers, “Blood pressure and the global burden of disease 2000. Part II: estimates of attributable burden,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 423–430, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. R. Berlowitz, A. S. Ash, E. C. Hickey et al., “Inadequate management of blood pressure in a hypertensive population,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 339, no. 27, pp. 1957–1963, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. R. Joffres, P. Ghadirian, J. G. Fodor, A. Petrasovits, A. Chockalingam, and P. Hamet, “Awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Canada,” American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1097–1102, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Wolf-Maier, R. S. Cooper, J. R. Banegas et al., “Hypertension prevalence and blood pressure levels in 6 European countries, Canada, and the United States,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 289, no. 18, pp. 2363–2369, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. D. Feldman, N. Campbell, P. Larochelle et al., “1999 Canadian recommendations for the management of hypertension,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 161, supplement 12, pp. S1–S17, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. B. Zarnke, N. R. C. Campbell, F. A. McAlister, and M. Levine, “A novel process for updating recommendations for managing hypertension: rationale and methods,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1094–1102, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. Drouin, N. R. C. Campbell, and J. Kaczorowski, “Implementation of recommendations on hypertension: the Canadian Hypertension Education Program,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 595–598, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. R. C. Campbell, R. Petrella, and J. Kaczorowski, “Public education on hypertension: a new initiative to improve the prevention, treatment and control of hypertension in Canada,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 599–603, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. R. C. Campbell and J. Onysko, “The outcomes research task force and the Canadian Hypertension Education Program,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 556–558, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Leenen, J. Dumais, N. McInnis et al., “2006 ontario survey on the prevalence and control of hypertension (ON-BP),” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 178, pp. 1441–1449, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. R. C. Campbell, R. Brant, H. Johansen et al., “Increases in antihypertensive prescriptions and reductions in cardiovascular events in Canada,” Hypertension, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 128–134, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. R. Hemmelgarn, G. Chen, R. Walker et al., “Trends in antihypertensive drug prescriptions and physician visits in Canada between 1996 and 2006,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 507–512, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. R. C. Campbell, F. A. McAlister, R. Brant et al., “Temporal trends in antihypertensive drug prescriptions in Canada before and after introduction of the Canadian hypertension education program,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1591–1597, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. C. I. Neutel and N. R. C. Campbell, “Antihypertensive medication use by recently diagnosed hypertensive Canadians,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 561–565, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. A. McAlister, R. D. Feldman, K. Wyard, R. Brant, and N. R. C. Campbell, “The impact of the Canadian Hypertension Education Programme in its first decade,” European Heart Journal, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1434–1439, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Wilkins, N. R. Campbell, M. Joffres et al., “Blood pressure in Canadian adults,” Health Reports, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 37–46, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. R. C. Campbell and T. Sheldon, “The canadian effort to prevent and control hypertension: can other countries adopt canadian strategies?” Current Opinion in Cardiology, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 366–372, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus