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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2011, Article ID 563657, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/563657
Review Article

The Impact of Hypertension on Patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes

Intensive Cardiac Care Unit, Careggi Hospital, Viale Morgagni 85, 50184 Florence, Italy

Received 11 February 2011; Revised 15 April 2011; Accepted 19 April 2011

Academic Editor: Amgad N. Makaryus

Copyright © 2011 Claudio Picariello et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Arterial chronic hypertension (HTN) is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor for development of atherosclerosis. In order to explain the relation between HTN and acute coronary syndromes the following factors should be considered: (1) risk factors are shared by the diseases, such as genetic risk, insulin resistance, sympathetic hyperactivity, and vasoactive substances (i.e., angiotensin II); (2) hypertension is associated with the development of atherosclerosis (which in turn contributes to progression of myocardial infarction). From all the registries and the data available up to now, hypertensive patients with ACS are more likely to be older, female, of nonwhite ethnicity, and having a higher prevalence of comorbidities. Data on the prognostic role of a preexisting hypertensive state in ACS patients are so far contrasting. The aim of the present paper is to focus on hypertensive patients with ACS, in order to better elucidate whether these patients are at higher risk and deserve a tailored approach for management and followup.