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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 869675, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/869675
Research Article

High Prevalence and Low Awareness of Hypertension in a Market Population in Enugu, Nigeria

1Renal Unit, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu 400001, Nigeria
2Cardiology Unit, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu 400001, Nigeria
3Endocrinology Unit, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu 400001, Nigeria

Received 15 September 2010; Accepted 3 January 2011

Academic Editor: Samy I. McFarlane

Copyright © 2011 Ifeoma I. Ulasi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. A community-based study put the prevalence of hypertension in Nigeria at 32.8%. Market workers in Nigeria lead sedentary life style and often depend on salt-laden fast food while at work. Method. An unselected population of market workers were screened for hypertension and its risk factors by a pretested, structured questionnaire, clinical examination, and laboratory investigation. Hypertension was defined as BP ≥ 140 and/or ≥ 90 mmHg or being on drug therapy. Results. Forty-two percent of the screened population were hypertensive. Of this number, 70.6% did not know they were hypertensive before the screening. More males than females ( 𝑃 = . 0 2 2 ) were hypertensive. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age from 5.4% in the age group <20 years to 80% in the age group ≥70 years. Conclusion. The prevalence of hypertension in market workers in this study was 42%, and the majority of them were unaware of their disease.