International Journal of Hypertension / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Cultural Considerations: Pharmacological and Nonpharmacological Means for Improving Blood Pressure Control among Hispanic Patients

Table 1

Percentage of noninstitutionalized US adults with hypertension* and, among those with hypertension, estimated percentage of persons who are aware of, treated for§, and in control of their condition, by sex, race/ethnicity, and age group—United States, 1999–2002.

Characteristic**Hypertension prevalence % (95% CI‡‡)Awareness of condition % (95% CI)Under current treatment % (95% CI)Condition controlled % (95% CI)

Sex
 Men27.8 (24.9–29.7)59.4 (55.8–63.1)45.2 (40.9–49.6)27.5 (23.7–31.3)
 Women29.0 (27.3–30.8)69.3 (61.7–77.0)56.1 (29.2–63.1)35.5 (28.4–42.7)
Race/Ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic27.4 (25.3–29.5)62.9 (57.3–68.5)48.6 (44.1–53.1)29.8 (25.7–34.0)
 Black, non-Hispanic40.5 (38.2–42.9)70.3 (64.9–75.9)55.4 (51.2–59.6)29.8 (25.2–34.5)
 Mexican American25.1 (23.1–27.1)49.8 (40.4–59.2)34.9 (27.5–42.3)17.3 (10.7–23.8)
Age group (yrs)
 20–396.7 (5.3–8.2)48.7 (38.8–58.7)28.1 (20.1–36.1)17.6 (11.6–23.7)
 40–5929.1 (25.9–32.4)73.5 (69.1–77.9061.2 (57.1–65.2)40.5 (36.4–44.5)
 ≥6065.2 (62.4–68.0)72.4 (70.0–74.7)65.6 (61.9–69.3)31.4 (28.7–34.2)

Total¶¶28.6 (26.830.4)63.4 (59.467.4)45.3 (45.352.8)29.3 (26.032.7)

*Had a blood pressure measurement ≥140 mm Hg systolic or ≥90 mm Hg diastolic or took antihypertensive medication.
Told by a health-care professional that blood pressure was high.
§Took antihypertensive medication.
Hypertension levels <140 mm Hg systolic and <90 mm Hg diastolic.
**All characteristic estimates (excluding age group) are age adjusted [15].

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