International Journal of Hypertension / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Inflammation and Hypertension: Are There Regional Differences?

Table 1

Regional differences in the risk of stroke associated with hypertension (Adapted from: “O'Donnell, et al. [9]”).

RegionRisk of stroke associated with self-reported hypertension or blood pressure > 160/90
mm Hg (Odds-ratio)

Africa ( )4.96 (3.11–7.91)
Southeast Asia ( )4.49 (3.54–5.70)
India ( )4.36 (3.34–5.69)
South America ( )3.52 (1.63–7.60)
High income countries ( )*2.79 (1.83–4.25)

Data are odds ratio (99% CI). Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Sudan, and Uganda. China, Malaysia, and Philippines. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. *Australia, Canada, Croatia, Denmark, Germany, Iran, and Poland.