Letter to the Editor | Open Access
Natalia Ruggeri Barbaro, Vanessa Fontana, Heitor Moreno, "Angiotensinogen Variants among Resistant Hypertensive Patients", International Journal of Hypertension, vol. 2014, Article ID 424793, 1 page, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/424793
Angiotensinogen Variants among Resistant Hypertensive Patients
The recently published paper entitled “Genetic and adverse health outcome associations with treatment resistant hypertension in GenHAT” by Lynch et al.  evaluated the association between 78 candidate gene polymorphisms and treatment resistant hypertension (TRH). Interestingly, the main finding was the association of two genetic variants in the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene, the M allele of rs699 and the G allele of rs5051, and TRH in white but not in African-American subjects. Previous Brazilian studies [2, 3] found the association with this SNP but at an opposite direction; carriers of the AGT M235T T allele, not Met allele, were at increased risk for resistant hypertension. The divergence among those studies might be explained by the differences between the genetic structure of the studied populations. The high degree of miscegenation among Brazilians, including Africans, Europeans, and Ameridian ancestral roots, is well known [4, 5]. Admixed populations have a distinct pattern of linkage disequilibrium that affects haplotype blocks and might explain those apparent divergent findings. Also, it is important to note that AGT M235T polymorphism reported in those studies might not be the causal variant, and the causation cannot be drawn. Moreover, the present clinical study showed evidence of a significant interaction by race in the association of AGT M235T rs699 with TRH, the Met allele being less frequent among African-American than white participants, highlighting the importance of the race in resistant hypertension susceptibility. Undoubtedly, the present study has great contribution in the genetic background of resistant hypertension and contributes to improvement of the knowledge in such condition.
Conflict of Interests
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.
- A. I. Lynch, M. R. Irvin, B. R. Davis, C. E. Ford, J. H. Eckfeldt, and D. K. Arnett, “Genetic and adverse health outcome associations with treatment resistant hypertension in GenHAT,” International Journal of Hypertension, vol. 2013, Article ID 578578, 10 pages, 2013.
- S. R. S. Freitas, P. H. Cabello, R. S. Moura-Neto et al., “Analysis of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system gene polymorphisms in resistant hypertension,” Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 309–316, 2007.
- J. C. Yugar-Toledo, J. F. V. Martin, J. E. Krieger et al., “Gene variation in resistant hypertension: multilocus analysis of the angiotensin 1-converting enzyme, angiotensinogen, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase genes,” DNA and Cell Biology, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 555–564, 2011.
- G. Suarez-Kurtz, D. P. Paula, and C. J. Struchiner, “Pharmacogenomic implications of population admixture: Brazil as a model case,” Pharmacogenomics, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 209–219, 2014.
- D. F. Durso, S. P. Bydlowski, M. H. Hutz, G. Suarez-Kurtz, T. R. Magalhaes, and S. D. Junho Pena, “Association of genetic variants with self-assessed color categories in brazilians,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, Article ID e83926, 2014.
Copyright © 2014 Natalia Ruggeri Barbaro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.