International Journal of Hypertension / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Hypertension and Its Associated Risk Factors in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013: A National Survey

Table 2

Sociodemographic characteristics of undiagnosed hypertensive, hypertensive, and borderline hypertensive Saudis, males and females aged 15 years or older, 2013.

Sociodemographic and risk factorsUndiagnosed hypertensive HypertensiveBorderline hypertensive
Males Females Males Females Males Females
Weighted %SEWeighted %SEWeighted %SEWeighted %SEWeighted %SEWeighted %SE

Age (years)
 15–24484.220.76222.380.63504.270.75242.470.6345440.441.8729525.131.65
 25–341048.010.95573.460.6213510.361.07694.160.6665160.771.9648535.871.79
 35–4416015.391.42978.451.1221621.131.6114913.351.3861267.452.0650149.052.04
 45–5413621.732.1210312.201.4323235.362.3722426.932.0437372.812.5436659.612.60
 55–649320.142.578421.502.9820948.363.1721448.613.4522486.632.3318667.364.09
 65+11726.442.726819.653.1431868.092.6621760.993.6220175.004.1414168.594.85

Marital status
 Currently married53916.510.852768.520.6699429.331.0352816.160.87179068.601.19132446.621.21
 Never married854.880.70402.820.621075.900.74523.210.6464644.111.6932926.131.61
 Separated, divorced, or widowed3423.874.5811314.881.855835.384.9131439.552.587374.455.1831360.843.22

Education
 Primary school or less20915.981.4226911.911.0244930.901.7863425.691.3355456.152.5384252.141.81
 Elementary or high school
 completed
3179.260.71934.120.5747313.340.811666.470.67126752.371.4668730.191.41
 College degree or higher
 education
13210.591.13693.900.6223618.001.37975.650.7469262.892.1244237.192.03

Smoking status
 Never smoked76116.060.7687012.370.57170353.411.33191337.911.01
 Exsmoker13531.873.1155.333.0118256.153.861544.0613.70
 Current smoker25918.781.472227.417.2962460.362.234148.138.43

Daily servings of fruits and vegetables
 03319.984.623211.182.565243.476.304531.585.31
 0–3 84617.190.7671112.330.64195055.091.27155337.971.12
 3–5 16519.081.888713.681.8929856.433.0321443.363.15
 5+9621.562.654713.042.4817661.073.9111534.763.85

Daily servings of red meat and chicken
 0-132820.841.4134513.210.9565260.562.1473438.411.62
 1-2 40516.931.0731712.020.9697754.371.7868737.941.68
 2-3 20616.521.5611112.551.7242446.412.6326735.702.78
 3+20716.231.5310611.621.4844055.582.6025539.202.74

Daily hours spent watching TV
 0-19630.513.8010327.143.2612760.205.2614747.614.20
 1–3 40220.001.2428913.391.0484657.921.9260935.721.69
 3–5 24415.491.3116710.241.1160856.202.2545039.452.19
 5+16314.741.4915012.221.4738054.472.7429837.422.57

Levels of physical activity
 None36620.951.3952214.110.8672962.202.08106640.861.43
 Low28722.151.5721212.651.1161859.412.3147637.431.98
 Moderate 18818.301.74669.041.4638353.812.7216830.742.88
 High 31913.100.98979.751.4678549.281.8526436.162.53

Obesity
 Not obese62812.850.673277.140.56174950.951.27105532.361.21
 Obese48632.171.7252922.081.2371971.932.0486751.971.72

History of diagnosis with prediabetes
 No 63310.930.574086.510.46107517.340.6880811.900.58240354.921.12190137.961.01
 Yes 1311.444.001411.003.224643.486.394741.026.514968.358.113548.948.44

History of diagnosis with diabetes
 No 52710.060.583466.070.4679114.300.665749.180.53218453.691.16172436.481.03
 Yes 13019.262.008213.821.9636251.722.5831456.602.8831075.113.0522667.313.48

History of diagnosis with hypercholesterolemia
 No 58210.380.563836.380.4687214.790.6566110.190.55227754.151.15181237.141.02
 Yes 6014.642.42379.232.0623954.463.1918155.043.7719373.313.6211961.424.26

Diagnosis of chronic condition
 No 62010.960.584036.430.45101016.620.6879111.550.56235454.941.14187137.931.02
 Yes 389.392.15289.832.9815034.093.3010330.683.9615957.084.209941.204.58

SE: standard error.

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