International Journal of Hypertension / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Renin-Angiotensin System Genes Polymorphisms and Essential Hypertension in Burkina Faso, West Africa

Table 1

General characteristics of study population (cases versus controls).

CharacteristicsControlsCases value

Total204202
Sex ratio (M/F)85/11984/1180.99
Age, years#49.50 ± 13.54 (20–78)51 ± 10.01 (21–76)0.205
BMI, Kg/m²#23 ± 4.9027 ± 6.48<0.00001
SBP, mmHg#120 ± 11.47160 ± 20.66<0.00001
DBP, mmHg#70 ± 8.2495 ± 11.87<0.00001
PP, mmHg#40 ± 10.2970 ± 16.75<0.00001
Glycemia, mmol/L#3 ± 1.705 ± 2.34<0.00001
Total-C, mmol/L#4 ± 1.545 ± 1.29<0.00001
HDL-C, mmol/L#1 ± 0.431 ± 0.59NA
LDL-C, mmol/L#2 ± 1.173 ± 1.13<0.00001
Triglycerides, mmol/L#1 ± 0.741 ± 0.61NA
Hyperglycemia, %8.5121.050.000236
Dyslipidemia, %51.0677.27<0.00001
Obesity, %11.7630.690.000003
Alcohol intake, %22.5546.53<0.00001
Smoking, %6.3711.390.07559
Excitant intake, %42.1646.530.3746
Sedentary, %14.2217.820.3218

Median ± SD for continuous variables; NA: not applicable.
BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; PP: pulse pressure; Total-C: total cholesterol; HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C: low density lipoprotein cholesterol; Trigly: triglycerides.

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