Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2016, Article ID 2402515, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2402515
Research Article

The Association between ESR and CRP and Systemic Hypertension in Sarcoidosis

1Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy, Department of Medicine, University of Miami, FL, USA
2Internal Medicine Department, Mercy Medical Center, Clinton, IA, USA

Received 18 February 2016; Accepted 6 June 2016

Academic Editor: Markus P. Schlaich

Copyright © 2016 Mehdi Mirsaeidi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. T. Schermuly, H. A. Ghofrani, M. R. Wilkins, and F. Grimminger, “Mechanisms of disease: pulmonary arterial hypertension,” Nature Reviews Cardiology, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 443–455, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. C. Price, S. J. Wort, F. Perros et al., “Inflammation in pulmonary arterial hypertension,” Chest, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 210–221, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Yildiz, H. Kaya, F. Ertas et al., “Association between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and pulmonary arterial hypertension,” Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi Arsivi's, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 604–609, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. E. Özpelit, B. Akdeniz, M. E. Özpelit et al., “Prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in pulmonary arterial hypertension,” Journal of International Medical Research, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 661–671, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. S. Ford and W. H. Giles, “Serum C-reactive protein and fibrinogen concentrations and self-reported angina pectoris and myocardial infarction: findings from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 95–102, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. E. P. Rohde, C. H. Hennekens, and P. M. Ridker, “Survey of C-reactive protein and cardiovascular risk factors in apparently healthy men,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 84, no. 9, pp. 1018–1022, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. E. A. Bermudez, N. Rifai, J. Buring, J. E. Manson, and P. M. Ridker, “Interrelationships among circulating interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, and traditional cardiovascular risk factors in women,” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1668–1673, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. C. U. Chae, R. T. Lee, N. Rifai, and P. M. Ridker, “Blood pressure and inflammation in apparently healthy men,” Hypertension, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 399–403, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. Yamada, T. Gotoh, Y. Nakashima et al., “Distribution of serum C-reactive protein and its association with atherosclerotic risk factors in a Japanese population: Jichi Medical School Cohort study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 153, no. 12, pp. 1183–1190, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Verma, C.-H. Wang, S.-H. Li et al., “A self-fulfilling prophecy: c-reactive protein attenuates nitric oxide production and inhibits angiogenesis,” Circulation, vol. 106, no. 8, pp. 913–919, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. K. Venugopal, S. Devaraj, I. Yuhanna, P. Shaul, and I. Jialal, “Demonstration that C-reactive protein decreases eNOS expression and bioactivity in human aortic endothelial cells,” Circulation, vol. 106, no. 12, pp. 1439–1441, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Verma, S.-H. Li, M. V. Badiwala et al., “Endothelin antagonism and interleukin-6 inhibition attenuate the proatherogenic effects of C-reactive protein,” Circulation, vol. 105, no. 16, pp. 1890–1896, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C.-H. Wang, S.-H. Li, R. D. Weisel et al., “C-reactive protein upregulates angiotensin type 1 receptors in vascular smooth muscle,” Circulation, vol. 107, no. 13, pp. 1783–1790, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Ishida, I. Hashimoto, T. Seike, Y. Abe, Y. Nakaya, and H. Nakanishi, “Serum albumin levels correlate with inflammation rather than nutrition supply in burns patients: a retrospective study,” Journal of Medical Investigation, vol. 61, no. 3-4, pp. 361–368, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. O. Lyons, B. Whelan, K. Bennett, D. O'Riordan, and B. Silke, “Serum albumin as an outcome predictor in hospital emergency medical admissions,” European Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 17–20, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. D. M. Rodman and J. Lindenfeld, “Successful treatment of sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension with corticosteroids,” Chest, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 500–502, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Joint Statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), The European Respiratory Society (ERS), and The World Association of Sarcoidosis and Other Granulomatous Disorders (WASOG), “Statement on sarcoidosis,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 160, no. 2, pp. 736–755, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. A. V. Chobanian, G. L. Bakris, H. R. Black et al., “Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure,” Hypertension, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1206–1252, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. Gupta, V. M. Rao, A. N. Aggarwal, G. Garewal, and S. K. Jindal, “Haematological abnormalities in patients of sarcoidosis,” The Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 233–236, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Su, M.-L. T. Nguyen, M. R. Agarwal et al., “Interferon-inducible chemokines reflect severity and progression in sarcoidosis,” Respiratory Research, vol. 14, article 121, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. E. Bautista, P. López-Jaramillo, L. M. Vera, J. P. Casas, A. P. Otero, and A. I. Guaracao, “Is C-reactive protein an independent risk factor for essential hypertension?” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 857–861, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. C. Sung, J. Y. Suh, B. S. Kim et al., “High sensitivity C-reactive protein as an independent risk factor for essential hypertension,” American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 429–433, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. M. Rexrode, I.-M. Lee, N. R. Cook, C. H. Hennekens, and J. E. Buring, “Baseline characteristics of participants in the Women's Health Study,” Journal of Women's Health & Gender-Based Medicine, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 19–27, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. H. D. Sesso, J. E. Buring, N. Rifai, G. J. Blake, J. M. Gaziano, and P. M. Ridker, “C-reactive protein and the risk of developing hypertension,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 290, no. 22, pp. 2945–2951, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. Magen, J. Mishal, J. Paskin et al., “Resistant arterial hypertension is associated with higher blood levels of complement C3 and C-reactive protein,” Journal of Clinical Hypertension, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 677–683, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. E. Jellinge, D. P. Henriksen, P. Hallas, and M. Brabrand, “Hypoalbuminemia is a strong predictor of 30-day all-cause mortality in acutely admitted medical patients: a prospective, observational, cohort study,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 8, Article ID e105983, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Ishida, I. Hashimoto, T. Seike, Y. Abe, Y. Nakaya, and H. Nakanishi, “Serum albumin levels correlate with inflammation rather than nutrition supply in burns patients: A Retrospective Study,” Journal of Medical Investigation, vol. 61, no. 3-4, pp. 361–368, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Rothkrantz-Kos, M. P. van Dieijen-Visser, P. G. H. Mulder, and M. Drent, “Potential usefulness of inflammatory markers to monitor respiratory functional impairment in sarcoidosis,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1510–1517, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. F. Shorr, F. T. Murphy, W. R. Gilliland, and O. W. Hnatiuk, “Osseous disease in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and musculoskeletal symptoms,” Respiratory Medicine, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 228–232, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Greenberg, D. G. James, T. Feizi, and R. Bird, “Serum-proteins in sarcoidosis,” The Lancet, vol. 284, no. 7373, pp. 1313–1315, 1964. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus