International Journal of Hypertension / 2016 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

An Analysis of Anthropometric Indicators and Modifiable Lifestyle Parameters Associated with Hypertensive Nephropathy

Table 6

Staged renal insufficiency stratified by the presence of clinical manifestation of cardiac disorder (nonspecific sinuses, left ventricular hypertrophy, and heart enlargement).

ParameterEquationConditionStage 1Stage 2Stage 3Stage 4 value

Left ventricular hypertrophy (electrocardiograph)4v-MDRDAbsent66 (74.12)17 (19.10)6 (6.74)0 (0.00)
Present54 (35.53)72 (47.37)26 (17.11)0 (0.00)
CGAbsent68 (76.40)12 (13.48)9 (10.11)0 (0.00)
Present68 (44.74)53 (34.87)30 (19.74)1 (0.67)
CKD-EPIAbsent66 (74.16)17 (19.10)6 (6.74)0 (0.00)
Present51 (33.55)72 (47.37)29 (19.08)0 (0.00)

Left ventricular hypertrophy (echocardiograph)4v-MDRDAbsent62 (76.54)16 (19.75)3 (3.70)0 (0.00)
Present58 (36.25)73 (45.63)29 (18.13)0 (0.00)
CGAbsent65 (80.25)12 (14.83)4 (4.94)0 (0.00)
Present71 (44.38)53 (33.13)35 (21.88)1 (0.63)
CKD-EPIAbsent64 (79.00)14 (17.30)3 (3.70)0 (0.00)
Present53 (33.10)75 (46.90)32 (20.00)0 (0.00)

Cardiomegaly (X-ray)4v-MDRDAbsent74 (71.80)21 (20.40)8 (7.80)0 (0.00)
Present46 (33.30)68 (49.30)24 (17.40)0 (0.00)
CGAbsent79 (76.70)18 (17.48)6 (5.83)0 (0.00)
Present57 (41.30)47 (34.06)33 (23.91)1 (0.73)
CKD-EPIAbsent64 (79.00)14 (17.30)3 (3.70)0 (0.00)
Present53 (33.10)75 (46.90)32 (20.00)0 (0.00)

Data is presented as figure with percentage in parenthesis. 4v-MDRD: four-variable modification of diet in renal disease, CG: Cockcroft-Gault, and CKD-EPI: chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration equation.

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