Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2018, Article ID 6898527, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6898527
Research Article

Cardiovascular Risk Factors in a Suburban Community in Nigeria

1Department of Biochemistry, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
2Covenant University Public Health and Wellbeing Research Group (CUPHWERG), Ota, Nigeria
3Department of Biological Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria

Correspondence should be addressed to Abiodun Humphrey Adebayo; gn.ude.ytisrevinutnanevoc@oyabeda.nudoiba

Received 18 October 2017; Revised 10 February 2018; Accepted 25 February 2018; Published 1 April 2018

Academic Editor: Srinivas Nammi

Copyright © 2018 Titilope Modupe Dokunmu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The burden of hypertension, a silent killer, continues to increase in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated blood pressure (BP) in healthy adults to determine their risk of developing hypertension and to reduce associated morbidity of the disease. Overall, 182 subjects aged >16 years participated in the study. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was measured after a resting period using mercury sphygmomanometer. Random blood glucose (RBG) concentration was also determined. Regression models were used to determine risk of high BP with values < 0.05 indicating statistical difference. Prehypertension was present in 36.8% population and high BP in 31% individuals with hypertensive symptoms. DBP ≥ 90 mmHg was prevalent in the undiagnosed group, while diabetes comorbidity was detected in only 4 individuals. High BP or diabetes was not detected in those <20 year olds. Age > 35 years was an independent risk (likelihood ratio: 22.56, ); this increases to 26.48 () in the presence prediabetes and RBG > 100 mg/dl. Undiagnosed hypertension rate is high in the study area, and urgent interventions for large scale screening and management of the disease are required to reduce the burden of hypertension in Nigeria.