International Journal of Hypertension / 2020 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Young and Middle-Aged Adults: Results from a Community-Based Survey in Rural Tanzania

Table 4

Crude and multivariate adjusted logistic regression models for determinants of awareness of hypertension status among hypertensive individuals (N = 880).

VariableCrude odds ratio, COR (95% CI) valueAdjusted odds ratio, AOR (95% CI) value

Age (years)
 25–34RefRef
 35–440.97 (0.62–1.54)0.92 (0.57–1.51)
 45–541.45 (0.93–2.67)0.0161.68 (1.04–2.74)<0.001
 55–641.67 (1.05–2.64)2.05 (1.24–3.39)

Gender
 MaleRefRef
 Female2.39 (1.69–3.38)<0.0012.47 (1.67–3.66)<0.001

Wealth status
 PoorestRefRef
 Poor0.62 (0.38–1.01)0.59 (0.35–1.00)
 Middle0.79 (0.51–1.24)0.0010.68 (0.42–1.10)0.003
 Rich112 (0.74–1.69)0.94 (0.59–1.48)
 Richest1.61 (1.07–2.43)1.48 (0.94–2.32)

Marital status
 Never marriedRef
 Married1.25 (0.77–2.01)0.375
 Separated/divorced/widowed148 (0.85–2.53)

Education level
 No formal educationRef
 Primary education1.16 (0.74–1.81)
 Secondary education1.28 (0.63–2.59)0.292
 College/university0.18 (0.02–1.44)

Place of residence
 Kilombero districtRefRef
 Ulanga district0.71 (0.53–0.93)0.0150.80 (0.59–1.09)0.156

Occupation
 FarmerRef
 Housewife1.03 (0.38–2.83)
 Employed1.14 (0.27–4.80)0.519
 Business0.42 (0.14–1.26)
 Others1.63 (0.54–4.89)

Current smoking status
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.63 (0.35–1.13)0.1241.51 (0.76–2.97)0.238

Current alcohol drinking status
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.49 (0.34–0.71)<0.0010.49 (0.32–0.74)0.001

Use of raw table salt
 NoRefRef
 Yes2.61 (1.44–4.73)0.0023.20 (1.69–6.06)<0.001

Fruits consumption/week
 5–7 daysRef
 1–4 days1.07 (0.57–1.98)0.825
 Never1.15 (0.66–2.01)

Consumption of vegetables/week
 5–7 daysRefRef
 1–4 days0.31 (0.07–1.37)0.1380.35 (0.07–1.64)0.140
 Never1.19 (0.89–1.60)1.26 (0.91–1.75)

History of diabetes
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.08 (0.02–0.34)0.00112.58 (2.61–60.55)0.002

Body mass index (BMI (kg/m2))
 NormalRefRef
 Overweight1.50 (1.07–2.09)<0.0011.51 (1.05–2.16)0.025
 Obese2.27 (1.59–3.23)2.24 (1.44–3.17)
 Underweight1.34 (0.39–4.54)2.14 (0.60–7.60)

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