International Journal of Hypertension / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Role of Lifestyle Factors in Controlling Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Patients in Two Health Facilities in Urban Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 1

Background characteristics of respondents.

CharacteristicFrequency (n)Percent (%)

Age
 27–45195.28
 46–556919.17
 56–6515041.67
 66–9412233.89

Sex
 Male10529.17
 Female25570.82

Education
 No formal education9225.56
 Primary10930.28
 Junior high8523.61
 Secondary5715.83
 Tertiary174.72

Knowledge
 No knowledge19554.17
 Moderate knowledge10428.89
 High knowledge6116.94

Length of diagnosis
 1 year339.17
 2–5 years13336.94
 6–10 years11632.22
 >10 years7821.67

Comorbidity
 No10930.28
 Yes25169.72

Number of pills
 1.213136.39
 2–422963.61

History of smoking
 No32891.11
 Yes328.89

Alcohol consumption
 No17749,17
 Yes18350.83
 Alcohol consumption (in units)0.72 ± 0.83

Duration of exercise per week
 None20958.06
 30 min–1 hr12534.72
 >1 hour267.22

Major component in diet

Carbohydrates
 No318.61
 Yes32991.39

Meat and fats
 No21374.22
 Yes7425.78

Fruits and vegetables
 No20371.23
 Yes8228.77

High sodium
 No25093.98
 Yes166.02

n is the 183 patients who indicated alcohol consumption.

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