International Journal of Hypertension / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Role of Lifestyle Factors in Controlling Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Patients in Two Health Facilities in Urban Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 1

Background characteristics of respondents.

CharacteristicFrequency (n)Percent (%)



 No formal education9225.56
 Junior high8523.61

 No knowledge19554.17
 Moderate knowledge10428.89
 High knowledge6116.94

Length of diagnosis
 1 year339.17
 2–5 years13336.94
 6–10 years11632.22
 >10 years7821.67


Number of pills

History of smoking

Alcohol consumption
 Alcohol consumption (in units)0.72 ± 0.83

Duration of exercise per week
 30 min–1 hr12534.72
 >1 hour267.22

Major component in diet


Meat and fats

Fruits and vegetables

High sodium

n is the 183 patients who indicated alcohol consumption.

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