International Journal of Hypertension / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Role of Lifestyle Factors in Controlling Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Patients in Two Health Facilities in Urban Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 3

Models used in assessing the effect of lifestyle factors on blood pressure control among urban adults.

Model 1: adjusted effect of lifestyle factors on blood pressure control without controlling for demographic factorsModel 2: adjusted effect of lifestyle factors on blood pressure control when controlling for demographic factors
AOR95% CI valueAOR95% CI value

Time since diagnosis
1 year1.001.00
2–5 years0.170.04–0.670.0120.080.01–0.470.005
6–10 years0.140.03–0.560.0060.080.01–0.50.006
>10 years0.420.11–1.630.2120.250.04–1.580.139
History of smoking
Yes1.001.00
No1.950.34–11.10.4513.090.38–25.50.294
Units of alcohol per week0.470.25–0.90.0230.610.31–1.210.158
Activity
No activity1.001.00
30 mins–1 hour4.672.06–10.58<0.0015.642.08–15.320.001
≥1 hour7.911.87–33.450.00511.382.01–64.470.006
Major component in diet
Starchy: yes0.180.05–0.730.0170.140.03–0.790.025
Meat and fat: yes0.130.03–0.660.0140.130.02–0.70.017
Fruit and vegetables: yes2.180.89–5.380.0892.540.9–7.20.080
Model performance indices
AUROC (95% CI)87.72% (82.39–93.06)91.31% (87.47–95.16)
AIC202.57194.92

AOR: adjusted odds ratio, CI: confidence interval, ref: reference category, , ∗∗∗, and ∗∗∗. Demographic factors controlled: age, sex, education, knowledge, comorbidity, and number of pills taken. AUROC: area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve. AIC: Akaike’s information criterion.

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