Table 1: Effect of HAEEO on oxidative stress parameters in carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats.

TreatmentGSH (µg g−1 tissue)MDA (nmol g−1 tissue)SOD (Um g−1 protein)Catalase (Um g−1 protein)

Normal control32.91 ± 2.1327.14 ± 2.9640.54 ± 2.2357.19 ± 2.48
Carrageenan control (vehicle treated)13.33 ± 1.39a88.45 ± 4.79a15.19 ± 1.21a14.48 ± 0.75a
Indomethacin (10 mg kg−1)26.66 ± 1.66b28.54 ± 6.85b31.96 ± 1.08b49.30 ± 1.86b
HAEEO (300 mg kg−1)19.16 ± 1.5363.18 ± 4.51d21.18 ± 1.8027.44 ± 1.66b
HAEEO (500 mg kg−1)22.29 ± 2.80d49.14 ± 5.83b24.87 ± 0.98d36.1 ± 0.83b
HAEEO (700 mg kg−1)26.25 ± 2.18c35.10 ± 2.78b29 ± 1.66b41.82 ± 1.41b

Values given are mean ± S.E.M. ( = 6). aP < 0.001 compared to normal control and bP < 0.001, cP < 0.01, and dP < 0.05 compared to carrageenan control. HAEEO: hydroalcoholic extract of Emblica officinalis; GSH: glutathione; MDA: malondialdehyde; SOD: superoxide dismutase.