International Journal of Intelligent Systems
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Acceptance rate14%
Submission to final decision110 days
Acceptance to publication21 days
CiteScore9.800
Journal Citation Indicator1.870
Impact Factor7.0

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International Journal of Intelligent Systems is now an open access journal, and articles will be immediately available to read and reuse upon publication.

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 Journal profile

International Journal of Intelligent Systems serves as a forum for individuals interested in tapping into the vast theories based on intelligent systems construction.

 Editor spotlight

Chief Editor, Professor Jin Li, is based at Guangzhou University, China. His research interests include trust and dependable artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and blockchain.

 Special Issues

We currently have a number of Special Issues open for submission. Special Issues highlight emerging areas of research within a field, or provide a venue for a deeper investigation into an existing research area.

Latest Articles

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Research Article

Leveraging Pretrained Language Models for Enhanced Entity Matching: A Comprehensive Study of Fine-Tuning and Prompt Learning Paradigms

Pretrained Language Models (PLMs) acquire rich prior semantic knowledge during the pretraining phase and utilize it to enhance downstream Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks. Entity Matching (EM), a fundamental NLP task, aims to determine whether two entity records from different knowledge bases refer to the same real-world entity. This study, for the first time, explores the potential of using a PLM to boost the EM task through two transfer learning techniques, namely, fine-tuning and prompt learning. Our work also represents the first application of the soft prompt in an EM task. Experimental results across eleven EM datasets show that the soft prompt consistently outperforms other methods in terms of F1 scores across all datasets. Additionally, this study also investigates the capability of prompt learning in few-shot learning and observes that the hard prompt achieves the highest F1 scores in both zero-shot and one-shot context. These findings underscore the effectiveness of prompt learning paradigms in tackling challenging EM tasks.

Research Article

Semi-Supervised Predictive Clustering Trees for (Hierarchical) Multi-Label Classification

Semi-supervised learning (SSL) is a common approach to learning predictive models using not only labeled, but also unlabeled examples. While SSL for the simple tasks of classification and regression has received much attention from the research community, this is not the case for complex prediction tasks with structurally dependent variables, such as multi-label classification and hierarchical multi-label classification. These tasks may require additional information, possibly coming from the underlying distribution in the descriptive space provided by unlabeled examples, to better face the challenging task of simultaneously predicting multiple class labels. In this paper, we investigate this aspect and propose a (hierarchical) multi-label classification method based on semi-supervised learning of predictive clustering trees, which we also extend towards ensemble learning. Extensive experimental evaluation conducted on 24 datasets shows significant advantages of the proposed method and its extension with respect to their supervised counterparts. Moreover, the method preserves interpretability of classical tree-based models.

Research Article

Comparison of Bioinspired Techniques for Tracking Maximum Power under Variable Environmental Conditions

This paper presents a comparative analysis of bioinspired algorithms employed on a PV system subject to standard conditions, under step-change of irradiance conditions, and a partial shading condition for tracking the global maximum power point (GMPP). Four performance analysis and comparison techniques are artificial bee colony, particle swarm optimization, genetic algorithm, and a new metaheuristic technique called jellyfish optimization, respectively. These existing algorithms are well-known for tracking the GMPP with high efficiency. This paper compares these algorithms based on extracting GMPP in terms of maximum power from a PV module running at a uniform (STC), nonuniform solar irradiation (under step-change of irradiance), and partial shading conditions (PSCs). For analysis and comparison, two modules are taken: 1Soltech-1STH-215P and SolarWorld Industries GmbH Sunmodule plus SW 245 poly module, which are considered to form a panel by connecting four series modules. Comparison is based on maximum power tracking, total execution time, and minimum number of iterations to achieve the GMPP with high tracking efficiency and minimum error. Minitab software finds the regression equation (objective function) for STC, step-changing irradiation, and PSC. The reliability of the data (P-V curves) was measured in terms of p value, R, , and VIF. The value comes out to be near 1, which shows the accuracy of the data. The simulation results prove that the new evolutionary jellyfish optimization technique gives better results in terms of higher tracking efficiency with very less time to obtain GMPP in all environmental conditions, with a higher efficiency of 98 to 99.9% with less time of 0.0386 to 0.1219 sec in comparison to ABC, GA, and PSO. The RMSE value for the proposed method JFO (0.59) is much lower than that of ABC, GA, and PSO.

Research Article

Meta-Learning Enhanced Trade Forecasting: A Neural Framework Leveraging Efficient Multicommodity STL Decomposition

In the dynamic global trade environment, accurately predicting trade values of diverse commodities is challenged by unpredictable economic and political changes. This study introduces the Meta-TFSTL framework, an innovative neural model that integrates Meta-Learning Enhanced Trade Forecasting with efficient multicommodity STL decomposition to adeptly navigate the complexities of forecasting. Our approach begins with STL decomposition to partition trade value sequences into seasonal, trend, and residual elements, identifying a potential 10-month economic cycle through the Ljung–Box test. The model employs a dual-channel spatiotemporal encoder for processing these components, ensuring a comprehensive grasp of temporal correlations. By constructing spatial and temporal graphs leveraging correlation matrices and graph embeddings and introducing fused attention and multitasking strategies at the decoding phase, Meta-TFSTL surpasses benchmark models in performance. Additionally, integrating meta-learning and fine-tuning techniques enhances shared knowledge across import and export trade predictions. Ultimately, our research significantly advances the precision and efficiency of trade forecasting in a volatile global economic scenario.

Research Article

Multiobjective Optimization of Diesel Particulate Filter Regeneration Conditions Based on Machine Learning Combined with Intelligent Algorithms

To reduce diesel emissions and fuel consumption and improve DPF regeneration performance, a multiobjective optimization method for DPF regeneration conditions, combined with nondominated sorting genetic algorithms (NSGA-III) and a back propagation neural network (BPNN) prediction model, is proposed. In NSGA-III, DPF regeneration temperature (T4 and T5), , smoke, and brake-specific fuel consumption (BSFC) are optimized by adjusting the engine injection control parameters. An improved seagull optimization algorithm (ISOA) is proposed to enhance the accuracy of BPNN predictions. The ISOA-BP diesel engine regeneration condition prediction model is established to evaluate fitness. The optimized fuel injection parameters are programmed into the engine’s electronic control unit (ECU) for experimental validation through steady-state testing, DPF active regeneration testing, and WHTC transient cycle testing. The results demonstrate that the introduced ISOA algorithm exhibits faster convergence and improved search abilities, effectively addressing calculation accuracy challenges. A comparison between the SOA-BPNN and ISOA-BPNN models shows the superior accuracy of the latter, with reduced errors and improved values. The optimization method, integrating NSGA-III and ISOA-BPNN, achieves multiobjective calibration for T4 and T5 temperatures. Steady-state testing reveals average increases of 3.14%, 2.07%, and 10.79% in T4, T5, and exhaust oxygen concentrations, while , smoke, and BSFC exhibit average decreases of 8.68%, 12.07%, and 1.03%. Regeneration experiments affirm the efficiency of the proposed method, with DPF regeneration reaching 88.2% and notable improvements in T4, T5, and oxygen concentrations during WHTC transient testing. This research provides a promising and effective solution for calibrating the regeneration temperature of DPF, thus reducing emissions and fuel consumption of diesel engines while ensuring safe and efficient DPF regeneration.

Research Article

Physics-Informed Neural Networks for Solving High-Index Differential-Algebraic Equation Systems Based on Radau Methods

As is well known, differential algebraic equations (DAEs), which are able to describe dynamic changes and underlying constraints, have been widely applied in engineering fields such as fluid dynamics, multi-body dynamics, mechanical systems, and control theory. In practical physical modeling within these domains, the systems often generate high-index DAEs. Classical implicit numerical methods typically result in varying order reduction of numerical accuracy when solving high-index systems. Recently, the physics-informed neural networks (PINNs) have gained attention for solving DAE systems. However, it faces challenges like the inability to directly solve high-index systems, lower predictive accuracy, and weaker generalization capabilities. In this paper, we propose a PINN computational framework, combined Radau IIA numerical method with an improved fully connected neural network structure, to directly solve high-index DAEs. Furthermore, we employ a domain decomposition strategy to enhance solution accuracy. We conduct numerical experiments with two classical high-index systems as illustrative examples, investigating how different orders and time-step sizes of the Radau IIA method affect the accuracy of neural network solutions. For different time-step sizes, the experimental results indicate that utilizing a 5th-order Radau IIA method in the PINN achieves a high level of system accuracy and stability. Specifically, the absolute errors for all differential variables remain as low as , and the absolute errors for algebraic variables are maintained at . Therefore, our method exhibits excellent computational accuracy and strong generalization capabilities, providing a feasible approach for the high-precision solution of larger-scale DAEs with higher indices or challenging high-dimensional partial differential algebraic equation systems.

International Journal of Intelligent Systems
Publishing Collaboration
More info
Wiley Hindawi logo
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate14%
Submission to final decision110 days
Acceptance to publication21 days
CiteScore9.800
Journal Citation Indicator1.870
Impact Factor7.0
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