Table of Contents
International Journal of Manufacturing Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 824562, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/824562
Research Article

Improving the Performance of Reprocessed ABS Products from the Manufacturing Perspective via the Taguchi Method

1School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
2Department of Mould Technology, Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi MARA, Balik Pulau, Genting, 11000 Balik Pulau, Penang, Malaysia
3School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia

Received 12 June 2013; Accepted 29 October 2013

Academic Editors: A. Lockamy, K. Salonitis, J. Tamaki, and H. Yu

Copyright © 2013 Ng Chin Fei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Additives are costly and can have negative environmental effects. Thus, searching for other alternatives to improve recycling plastics without using additives is necessary. This study aims to improve the hoop tensile strength, elongation at break, and shrinkage of the ring stopper made from an acrylonitrile butadiene styrene blend comprising 40% recyclates through the optimization of processing parameters using the Taguchi method. By adopting the Taguchi orthogonal array, four controllable factors each at three levels are tested to determine the optimal combination of factors and levels in the injection moulding process. Considering the multiple quality characteristics involved in this study, we investigate the effects of processing parameters on hoop tensile strength, elongation at break, and shrinkage of the ring stopper both separately and simultaneously because changing a parameter can result in the improvement or deterioration of each quality response and of the overall product performance. The results revealed that the performance of an injection-moulded ring stopper under the optimal process conditions is equivalent or slightly better than that of the part produced from virgin resin. The performance of recycled plastics can be effectively enhanced to levels comparable with virgin resins using the Taguchi optimization approach.