Table of Contents
International Journal of Manufacturing Engineering
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8609108, 12 pages
Research Article

An Architecture for Hybrid Manufacturing Combining 3D Printing and CNC Machining

Institut für Maschinen und Anlagenbau, Constantiaplatz 4, 26723 Emden, Germany

Received 5 July 2016; Accepted 30 August 2016

Academic Editor: Fu-Shiung Hsieh

Copyright © 2016 Marcel Müller and Elmar Wings. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Additive manufacturing is one of the key technologies of the 21st century. Additive manufacturing processes are often combined with subtractive manufacturing processes to create hybrid manufacturing because it is useful for manufacturing complex parts, for example, 3D printed sensor systems. Currently, several CNC machines are required for hybrid manufacturing: one machine is required for additive manufacturing and one is required for subtractive manufacturing. Disadvantages of conventional hybrid manufacturing methods are presented. Hybrid manufacturing with one CNC machine offers many advantages. It enables manufacturing of parts with higher accuracy, less production time, and lower costs. Using the example of fused layer modeling (FLM), we present a general approach for the integration of additive manufacturing processes into a numerical control for machine tools. The resulting CNC architecture is presented and its functionality is demonstrated. Its application is beyond the scope of this paper.